14 Jul 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Quote for the day Set 5 11

CNA 14 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
SOCIAL ISSUES
1. India ranks 135 out of 146 in Gender Gap Index
B. GS 2 Related
C. GS 3 Related
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
1. In high-res: unfolding mysteries of the night sky
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Scale up the India-South Korea bilateral partnership
POLITY
2. The President is not a mere rubber stamp
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. ‘India has achieved clean energy targets 9 years before deadline’
2. India’s imports from China rose to a record in first half of 2022
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

Global Gender gap index 1

Global Gender Gap Index 2022

  • 146 countries were assessed this year.
  • The report notes that in 2022, the global gender gap has been closed by 68.1% and it would take about 132 years to reach full parity at the current rate of progress.
  • India has been ranked 135th among the 146 countries. (India was ranked 140 out of 156 countries in 2021)

India’s performance in Global Gender Gap Index 2022

India's Report Card

Image Source : World Economic Forum

  • India has performed poorly in the index compared to its neighbouring countries such as Bangladesh (ranked 71), Nepal (ranked 96), Sri Lanka (ranked 110), and Bhutan (ranked 126). However, India has performed slightly better than Pakistan and Afghanistan which are ranked 145 and 146 respectively.
  • Economic Participation and Opportunity
    • This sub-index includes aspects such as percentage of women in the labour force, equality of wages between men and women, income earned by women, etc. 
    • India has been ranked 143 out of the 146 countries in this Indice
    • India’s score saw a slight improvement in this index compared to 2021. 
    • India’s score is much lower than the global average, and only Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan are behind India on this metric.
  • Educational Attainment
    • This sub-index includes dimensions like literacy rate and the enrolment rates in the various levels of the education system.
    • India has been ranked 107th and its score has slightly decreased as compared to 2021.
  • Health and Survival
    • This includes metrics like sex ratio at birth and healthy life expectancy 
    • India is ranked last i.e. 146th among as many countries.
  • Political Empowerment
    • This sub-index includes aspects such as the percentage of women in Parliament, the percentage of women in ministerial positions etc. 
    • India is ranked 48th out of 146.
    • However, India’s score has been reduced since 2021.

Nut graf: India has been ranked as one of the least performing countries in the Global Gender Gap Index 2022. India has fairly better in the Political Empowerment aspect but has been ranked poorly in other sub-indices such as Health and Survival, Educational Attainment and Economic Participation and Opportunity.

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