What is Buenos Aires Declaration on Women and Trade?

Buenos Aires Women and Trade Declaration is a non-binding declaration that seeks women empowerment by expeditiously removing barriers to trade. It is a declaration announced at the 11th Ministerial Conference in Buenos Aires,in December 2017. With this declaration 121 members of World Trade Organisation (WTO) members and observers have pledged to support measures to remove barriers to women’s economic empowerment and promote greater inclusion of women in international trade.

Aspirants would find this topic very helpful in the IAS Exam.

What is Women’s Empowerment?

The process of empowering women by giving them more prominence in decision making roles, more representation in political system, and in economic spheres is called as women’s economic empowerment. They are empowered when they have equal access to education, profession and lifestyle. Empowerment is built on the foundation of self-respect.

What is Women’s Economic Empowerment?

Women’s economic empowerment refers to the ability of women to control the following 

  1. Resources
  2. Assets
  3. Income
  4. Time
  5. Risk
  6. Improvement of their status and well being.

What is the 73rd and 74th Amendment to the Constitution of India?

As per 73rd and 74th amendment to the constitution, there will be reservation of seats in the local bodies of panchayats and municipalities for women. The above 2 amendments were done in the year 1993 by the Government of India. These amendments were done to give greater representation to women in the political field and fulfil the objectives of women’s political empowerment. 

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2020.

 

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