Compulsory Indian Language Paper: No. of Candidates for Each Language

The Indian/regional language paper, officially called Paper ‘A’ is the first paper in the UPSC civil services mains exam. Although only qualifying in nature, candidates are advised not to ignore its preparation as failure to score the minimum required marks will lead to their failure to clear the mains implying the loss of a precious attempt. The UPSC allows candidates to choose from a list of 22 modern Indian languages given in the 8th schedule of the Indian Constitution. Read on to know the statistics regarding the number of candidates for each language in the UPSC mains exam.

The most popular language taken by candidates is Hindi, one of the official languages of India. On an average about 65% of the candidates choose Hindi for Paper ‘A’, and the rest 35% take up any one of the remaining languages. The list of languages candidates can choose from for the compulsory regional language paper is given below:

Assamese

Bengali

Gujarati

Hindi

Kannada

Kashmiri

Konkani

Malayalam

Manipuri

Marathi

Nepali

Odia

Punjabi

Sanskrit

Maithili

Tamil

Telugu

Urdu

Bodo

Dogri

Sindhi (Devanagari/Arabic script)

Santhali (Devanagari/Olchiki script)

 

The following figures have been compiled from the annual reports published by the UPSC every year. It gives the number of candidates opting the various Indian languages from the year 2010 to 2015.

Language

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Hindi

8418

7233

7888

8820

10650

9358

Marathi

769

828

1074

1524

1442

1418

Telugu

700

722

795

1096

1276

1213

Tamil

561

624

649

806

742

747

Kannada

337

342

400

347

507

484

Malayalam

223

329

387

375

395

340

Gujarati

96

101

98

127

161

192

Punjabi

228

257

245

335

434

319

Bengali

57

110

89

103

96

82

Assamese

18

37

40

31

39

34

Odia

89

104

84

113

136

130

Kashmiri

0

1

0

0

0

0

Konkani

0

0

1

0

1

0

Sindhi (D)

0

0

1

0

1

1

Sindhi (A)

1

0

0

0

3

2

Sanskrit

1

8

3

7

4

1

Manipuri

0

3

0

0

2

0

Nepali

3

4

5

8

10

7

Bodo

1

2

2

1

2

2

Maithili

1

3

1

2

2

1

Santhali

0

0

0

1

0

1

Urdu

38

38

48

46

60

70

 

As you can see from the above table, maximum number of candidates opted for Hindi through the years 2010 to 2015. Marathi is the language that is second to Hindi. It is closely followed by Telugu and Tamil. Malayalam, Punjabi and Kannada also have many takers.

Also See | Tips to Tackle the Compulsory Indian Language Paper in UPSC Civil Services Mains

Visit BYJU’S Website for strategy and articles on free IAS prep and all the latest on UPSC IAS exam.

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