Bus rapid transit (Busway, BRT, BRTS) is a mass transit system and is bus-based. Generally, the Bus rapid transit system has specialized services, infrastructure and design to remove the causes of delay and to improve system quality.
This topic is important for all IAS exam aspirants.
What is the structure of the BRT system?
A BRT system would comprise of most of the following:
- Station with off-board ticket collection
- Alignment in the centre of the roads
- Level of station platforms equal to the bus floor
Name the First Bus rapid transit system in the world and India.
In 1974, the first Bus rapid transit system was launched ) in Curitiba, Brazil. It was called the Rede Integrada de Transporte (‘Integrated Transportation Network’.
The first BRTS in India is Rainbow Bus Rapid Transit System in Pune, started in 2006.
What are the advantages of Bus Rapid Transit Corridor?
The major advantages of the Bus Rapid Transit corridor are listed below:
- The transit system has undergone major changes in terms of leveraging level boarding mechanism that would eliminate the need for lifts or ramps.
- This system helps in managing traffic efficiently and prevents bus bunching, which helps to keep the operations cost under the track.
- This system would help enhance the safety of people due to effective lighting arrangements at various places in and around the stations.
- This system would be a life-saver in cases where lanes are required to be kept free fro passage for ambulances and fire brigade vehicles.
- This would be an ultimate time-saver for daily passengers in cities with heavy traffic.