Bus rapid transit (Busway, BRT, BRTS) is a mass transit system and is bus-based. Generally, the Bus rapid transit system has specialized services, infrastructure and design to remove the causes of delay and to improve system quality. At times described as a “surface subway”, the Bus Rapid Transit aims at combining the speed and capacity of metro or light rail with the simplicity of a bus system, flexibility, lower cost and simplicity of a bus system. A BRT system would comprise of most of the following:
- Station with off-board ticket collection
- Alignment in the centre of the roads
- Level of station platforms equal to the bus floor
In 1974, the first Bus rapid transit system was launched ) in Curitiba, Brazil. It was called the Rede Integrada de Transporte (‘Integrated Transportation Network’. Many similar transit systems were inspired s around the world and Brazil by this Integrated Transportation Network, such as, in 2000, TransMilenio in Bogotá, Colombia, was opened. As in 2014, a total of 186 cities across six continents have implemented the busway systems. It accounts for 4,757 km (2,956 mi) of Bus rapid transit lanes.