Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is a high-quality bus-based transit system that delivers fast, comfortable, and cost-effective services at metro-level capacities. Bus rapid transit (Busway, BRT, BRTS) is a mass transit system and is bus-based. Generally, the bus rapid transit system has specialized services, infrastructure and design to remove the causes of delay and to improve system quality.
It does this through the provision of dedicated lanes, with bus ways and iconic stations ideally aligned to the centre of the road, off-board fare collection, and fast and frequent operations.
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What is the structure of the BRT system?
A BRT system would consist of most of the following:
- Station with off-board ticket collection
- Alignment in the centre of the roads
- Level of station platforms equal to the bus floor
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Benefits of BRT
The benefits of the Bus Rapid Transit System are as follows:
- BRT reduces the overall amount of vehicle kilometres travelled in a city by shifting commuters to high-capacity buses that can carry up to 160 passengers at a time.
- Setting up a new BRT system also provides cities with an opportunity to scrap older, more polluting traditional vehicles.
- Introducing a new BRT corridor, therefore, has major implications not just for GHG emissions, but also for air pollution.
- Implementing BRT systems contributes to reductions in traffic accidents and fatalities in several key ways.
- Dedicated bus lanes that separate BRT buses from mixed traffic, pre-paid boarding and level platforms speed up passenger boarding, whilst traffic signal management prioritizes BRT buses. High-frequency bus service also minimizes waiting times to help save travel time for passengers.
Name the First Bus rapid transit system in the world and India.
In 1974, the first bus rapid transit system was launched in Curitiba, Brazil. It was called the Rede Integrada de Transporte (‘Integrated Transportation Network’).
The first BRTS in India is Rainbow Bus Rapid Transit System in Pune, started in 2006.
What are the advantages of the Bus Rapid Transit Corridor?
The major advantages of the Bus Rapid Transit corridor are listed below:
- The transit system has undergone major changes in terms of leveraging level boarding mechanisms that would eliminate the need for lifts or ramps.
- This system helps in managing traffic efficiently and prevents bus bunching, which helps to keep the operations cost under track.
- This system would help enhance the safety of people due to effective lighting arrangements at various places in and around the stations.
- This system would be a life-saver in cases where lanes are required to be kept free from the passage for ambulances and fire brigade vehicles.
- This would be an ultimate time-saver for daily passengers in cities with heavy traffic.
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