Satpura Tiger Reserve is located in the Satpura ranges of Central Indian Landscape and is one of the major geographical plateaux of India, lying in the Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh.
Satpura Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh’s first biosphere reserve.
This Tiger Reserve is rich in terms of biodiversity and had gained the limelight in the past because of the presence of the Mahua tree in its buffer zone. Mahua Tree is superstitiously believed to cure and bring instant relief to ailments or misfortunes.
Why is it in the news? (as of May 2021)
The Satpura Tiger Reserve is one of the six Indian sites which have been shortlisted by UNESCO to become a World Heritage Site. This has taken the total number of proposed UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India to 48.
Given below are a few related links for the IAS Exam preparation:
About Satpura Tiger Reserve
- Satpura Tiger Reserve (STR) is a habitat of 52 species of mammals, 31 species of reptiles and 300 species of birds, out of which 14 are endangered
- It is located in the south of the river Narmada and STR was declared as the first biosphere reserve of Madhya Pradesh in the year 1999
- Geographically, the Tiger Reserve is extended through a wide area:
- Core Area: 1339.26 Sq Km
- Buffer Area: 794.04 Sq Km
- The Satpura Tiger Reserve comprises three protected areas. These include:
- Satpura National Park,
- Bori Sanctuary, and
- Pachmarhi Sanctuary
- Many pollution-free activities including cycling, canoeing and trekking are allowed in the Tiger Reserve
- It is a major tourist spot, making it economically significant for the state of Madhya Pradesh
- The main water source to this tiger reserve is the Denwa River
- As per the Tiger Census Report of 2018, the maximum tiger population was found to be in Madhya Pradesh
In India, National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), is the statutory authority tasked with the management of Project Tiger and the many Tiger Reserves in India.
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Satpura Tiger Reserve – Flora and Fauna
- Apart from being an area of protection to Tigers in the country, Satpura Tiger Reserve and forest also comprises almost 14 endangered species, more than 300 bird species, 52 mammal species and 31 species of reptiles
- Satpura Tiger Reserve is also commonly known as the northern extremity of Western Ghats because of the presence of 26 species of the Himalayan region and 42 species of Nilgiri areas
- Few of the species found include:
|Bird Species||Malabar Pied Hornbill, Malabar Whistling Thrush, Paradise Flycatcher, Bar-headed Geese, Pintails, Spot-bills, spoon-bills, etc.|
|Endangered Species||Giant Squirrel, Indian Skimmer, Black-bellied Tern, Leaf-nosed Bat, etc.|
|Other Species||Eurasian Otter, Black Buck, Leopard, Dhole, Indian Gaur, Smooth-coated Otter, Sloth Bear, etc.|
Not just Satpura, but National Parks, Bird/Wildlife Sanctuaries, Biosphere Reserves, etc. across India are known for their rich flora and fauna. Thus, for the preservation and protection of this biological diversity, the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 was passed to ensure environmental and ecological security. Read in detail about the Act at the linked article.
All IAS aspirants who are looking forward to applying for the upcoming recruitment can get the detailed UPSC Syllabus for the prelims and mains examination at the linked article. They can refer to the same and start their preparation accordingly.
Also, get compiled subject-wise previous year questions with solutions for prelims examination at the Topic-Wise UPSC Prelims Questions & Answers [2013-2020] page.
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