East African Community (EAC) - Facts for UPSC

East African Community (EAC) was established in 2000 after the EAC Treaty was signed on 30th November 1999. There are six partner states in the East African Community. Important facts about EAC might help aspirants for the IAS Exam.

Significance of EAC

The multiple benefits of the East African Community are listed below.

  1. Protect the region from International Economic breakdowns.
  2. A bigger market for a population of more than 150 million people.
  3. A common market without any obstacles.
  4. Faster clearances at borders by the creation of One-Stop Border Posts (OSBP).
  5. Development of regional infrastructure.
  6. Joint promotion of EAC as a single tourist destination.
  7. Better conflict resolution mechanisms.

Some related topics that an aspirant can read about:

Why did the East African Community (EAC) Collapse in 1977?

East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organisation founded in 1967. The multiple reasons behind the collapse of EAC in 1977 are listed below.

  1. Kenya demanded more seats than Tanzania and Uganda in decision making bodies.
  2. Disagreements with the Ugandan dictator Idi Amin.
  3. Different economic systems in Kenya which had capitalism and Tanzania which had socialism.

Who are the Member States of the East African Community (EAC)?

East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organisation made up of 6 countries in the African Great Lakes region. The organisation was established in 1967 and collapsed in 1977 due to various reasons mentioned above. This organisation was revived again in 2000. The EAC Headquarters is established in Arusha, a city in Tanzania. The list of 6 member states of EAC is given below.

  1. Tanzania
  2. Uganda
  3. Kenya
  4. Rwanda
  5. Burundi
  6. South Sudan

Is Ethiopia a Member of the East African Community (EAC)?

Ethiopia is not a member of the East African Community (EAC). Ethiopia comes under a region named the Horn of Africa. The most recent nation to be included in EAC is South Sudan. South Sudan was included in the EAC grouping in March 2016.

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2021.

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