International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) - UPSC Notes

UN’s International Civil Aviation Organization was established to achieve the sustainable growth of the global civil aviation system. Such international bodies and programmes are relevant for the IAS exam. In this article, you can read all about the ICAO, its functions and India’s relations with it.

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International Civil Aviation Organization

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations, established in 1944 to manage the administration and governance of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention).

  • The ICAO laid the foundation for the standards and procedures for peaceful global air navigation.
  • With 193 Member States and industrial groups, the ICAO works to reach a consensus on the Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) and policies for international civil aviation. The SARPs are important for a safe, secure, efficient, environmentally responsible and economically sustainable civil aviation sector.
    • These SARPs and policies are used by ICAO Member States to ensure that their local civil aviation operations and regulations conform to global norms, which in turn permits more than 100,000 daily flights in aviation’s global network to operate safely and reliably in every region of the world.
  • The ICAO is governed by the ICAO Council, which is headed by a President.

ICAO - UPSC Prelims Facts

International Civil Aviation Day

The International Civil Aviation Day was first observed in 1994 under the initiation of the ICAO. It was given official UN sanction in 1996. The purpose of the day is to spread awareness about international civil aviation and its relevance to the economic and social development of countries.

To know more about Important Headquarters of International Organizations, check the linked article.

International Civil Aviation Organization and India

India is one of ICAO’s founder members, having attended the Chicago Convention in 1944, and has since then, been a member of the council of the ICAO, including the Provisional ICAO between 1944 and 1947. India has maintained a permanent delegation at the headquarters of the ICAO in Montreal.

ICAO – Issues in News

The recent incident of Pakistan’s denial of use of its airspace to India has been taken up by the Indian Government at the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO).

  • India sought overflight clearance from Pakistan for the Prime Minister’s aircraft to go to Saudi Arabia on 28th October 2019.
  • Pakistan cited alleged human rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir to deny the request.
Related Links
Airports Authority of India (AAI) Indian Space Research Organisation [ISRO]
NCERT Books for UPSC Prelims UPSC Optional Subjects
UPSC Current Affairs UPSC Books
Reports Published by International Organizations UPSC Prelims

Online Quiz 2023

Frequently Asked Question – International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)


Q.1. When was International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) created?

Ans. ICAO was created in 1944 by the Chicago Convention in order to promote the safe and orderly development of civil aviation around the world.

Q.2. Is India member of ICAO?

Ans. India has been re-elected to the new Council of ICAO as one of the states making the largest contribution in facilitating global air navigation.

Q.3. What does the international civil aviation organization do?

Ans. The organization sets standards and regulations necessary for aviation safety, security, efficiency and regularity, as well as for aviation environmental protection.

Q.4. Where is the headquarter of International Civil Aviation Organization?

Ans. The headquarter of International Civil Aviation Organization is in Montreal, Canada.

Q 5. Which countries are members of ICAO?

Ans. As of April 2019, there are 193 ICAO members, consisting of 192 of the 193 UN members (all but Liechtenstein, which lacks an international airport), plus the Cook Islands.


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