While the lotus is the national flower in India, every Indian state and union territory has a separate state flower. These chosen state flowers act as a symbol of the state and depict Indian diversity. In every competitive exam, students get at least one question related to state flower names or the national flower name of India. So if you are preparing for any state examination, it is better to know the different state flower names and their scientific titles.
This is an important topic from the IAS exam perspective and candidates preparing for any other government exam must refer to the list given below for general awareness preparation.
Also, the list of state animals in India is important from the current affairs perspective of competitive exams.
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List of Various State Flower Names
Here is the tabular representation of various state flower names along with their scientific names.
|States/UTs||Flower Name||Scientific Name|
|Andhra Pradesh||Water lily||Nelumbo|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Lady’s Slipper||Cypripedioideae|
|Assam||Foxtail Orchids||Rhynchostylis gigantea|
|Bihar||Pot Marigold (Genda)||Calendula officinalis|
|Gujarat||Marigold (Galgota)||Tagetes erecta|
|Himachal Pradesh||Rhododendron||Rhododendron ponticum|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Common Rhododendron||Rhododendron ponticum|
|Jharkhand||Parrot Tree||Butea monosperma|
|Kerala||Golden Shower Tree||Cassia fistula|
|Madhya Pradesh||Parrot Tree||Butea monosperma|
|Manipur||Siroi Lily||Lilium mackliniae|
|Mizoram||Red Vanda||Renanthera imschootiana|
|Puducherry||Cannonball tree’s Flower||Couroupita guianensis|
|Sikkim||Noble orchid||Cymbidium goeringii|
|Tamil Nadu||Glory lily||Gloriosa superba|
|Tripura||Nag Kesar||Mesua ferrea|
|Uttarakhand||Brahma Kamal||Saussurea obvallata|
|Uttar Pradesh||Palash||Butea monosperma|
|West Bengal||Night-flowering Jasmine||Nyctanthes arbor-tristis|
Learning More about the National Flower Of India – Lotus
In the year 2017, as a response to one of the Right to Information questions, it was revealed that the Botanic Survey of India (BSI) has not specified any flower as the National Flower of India. However, the official Indian Government website mentions Lotus as the National Flower of the country. Some of the reasons Lotus is the national flower of India are as follows:
- The National Emblem of India, adopted on 26th January 1950, stands on a full blossomed inverted Lotus flower depicting the significance of the flower.
- Lotus embodies magnificence and symbolizes non-attachment
- Even after blooming in the dirt, Lotus’s smell of myrrh is taken as a message to humanity.
For more facts about the National Flower of India, visit the linked article.
Quick Facts about the National Flower of India
The National flower in India is crucial to the Indian essence and heritage. Indian citizens of all demographics across the globe are proud of India’s National Flower as it infuses a sense of dignity and nationalism in every Indian’s heart.
Even after India holds abundant flora, Lotus stands out from others. Lotus holds a message to deliver to mankind. Even when Lotus is the epitome of magnificence, it embodies non-attachment. Below are some of the key highlights of the national flower of India:
- The National flower of India is the idol of utmost candor. The Hindu faith and folklore depict goddess Saraswathi sitting on a lotus flower as a goddess of Wisdom/Education
- Lotus blossoms in freshwater lakes in the semi tropical conditions
- The national flower of India is found in red, white, blue, purple and pink colors and is seen predominantly in Asian nations
- Lotus signifies prosperity, enchantment, wisdom, productiveness and enlightenment. In India, it is regarded as the sign of victory
- It is a holy flower and inhabits a distinct place in the art and folklore of ancient India
- Along with cultural value, the seeds of Lotus flowers are used for healing purposes like the treatment of the spleen, heart ailments and kidney
- The leaf, seeds, roots and leaf stalk of the Lotus are edible and people consume them as a vegetable in India
- It has been a wealth symbol of Indian culture since ancient times
- Lotus is valued and regarded as a sacred flower in Buddhism culture as well
Aspirants reading about National Flower of India, can also read about other National Symbols of India linked in the table below:
|National Flag of India||National Bird of India||National Aquatic Animal of India|
|National Anthem of India||National Animal of India||Calendars in India|
|National River of India||National Song of India||Currency Symbol of India|
Frequently Asked Questions on State Flowers in India
What is the name of the state flower of Uttar Pradesh?
Palash is the name of state flower of Uttar Pradesh
What is the name of the state flower in Madhya Pradesh?
The state flower name of Madhya Pradesh is Parrot Tree.
Brahmakamal is the national flower of which state?
Brahmakamal is the national flower of Uttarakhand.
What does the golden Lotus signify?
Golden Lotus signifies complete enlightenment.