‘Critically Endangered’ & ‘Endangered Fish’ in India: IUCN Red List (2016)

The IUCN Red list is the world’s most comprehensive record of the global conservation status of biological species. The list includes the conservation status, taxonomic, and distribution information of flora and fauna. UPSC has asked some of questions from IUCN Red List for UPSC IAS Prelims exam. We have already come up with ‘Critically Endangered’ Mammals, ‘Vulnerable’ Mammals, ‘Vulnerable’ Herbivorous Marine Mammals, ‘Near Threatened’ Mammals and ‘Critically Endangered’.

Here in this IUCN Red list Part-5, we are giving the details of ‘Critically Endangered’ and ‘Endangered Fish’.

‘Critically Endangered’ Fish

Long-nosed shark, Pondicherry Shark

 

 

 

Scientific name

  • Carcharhinus hemiodon

Red List Category 

  • Critically Endangered

Found in

  • Indian Ocean
  • Hooghly river

Major threats

  • Unregulated fishing
  • Habitat destruction
Ganges Shark

Scientific name

  •  Glyphis gangeticus

Red List Category 

  • Critically Endangered

Habitat

  • Turbid waters of the Ganga river and the Bay of Bengal

Found in

  • Pakistan
  • Hooghly river
  • Ganga

Major threats

  • Fishing
  • Pollution
  • Construction of dams and barrages
Large-tooth Sawfish

Scientific name

  • Pristis pristis

Red List Category 

  • Critically Endangered

Habitat

  • Generally restricted to shallow estuarine, fresh waters and coastal

Found in

  • Estuaries of the Ganga and Brahmaputra
  • Mahanadi river

Major threats

  • Construction of dams over rivers
  • Siltation
  • Pollution

 

Narrow-snout Sawfish or Long-comb Sawfish

 

Scientific name

  • Pristis zijsron

Red List Category 

  • Critically Endangered

Also known as

  • Green Sawfish
  • Olive Sawfish

Habitat

  • Shallow water coastal and estuarine areas

Found in

  • Indo-Pacific region including Australia, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia and Malaysia.

Major threats

  • Fishing

 

‘Endangered’ Fishes

Knife-tooth Sawfish

Scientific name

  • Anoxypristis cuspidata

Red List Category 

  • Critically Endangered

Habitat

  • Inhabits estuarine
  • Inshore and offshore waters

Found in

  • Western part of the Indo-Pacific region
  • Red Sea

Major threats

  • Fishing

Tune into byjus.com/free-ias-prep for more strategy articles and news on UPSC Civil Services IAS Exam