Difference Between Absolute Poverty and Relative Poverty

Poverty is an economic condition where humans experience a lack of certain commodities essential for stable living.

Absolute Poverty and Relative Poverty are two terms used to measure this poverty level.

Absolute Poverty is used to describe a condition where an individual does not have the financial means to obtain commodities to sustain life.

Relative Poverty refers to the standard of living compared to economic standards of living within the same surroundings.

Difference Between Absolute Poverty and Relative Poverty

This article will further highlight the significant differences between absolute poverty and relative poverty within the context of the IAS Exam

The difference between Absolute Poverty and Relative Poverty is given in the table below:                                                  

Differences between Absolute Poverty and Relative Poverty

Absolute Poverty

Relative Poverty

Any person not in a position to obtain essential commodities like food, shelter and clothing are said to experience absolute poverty Relative poverty does not concentrate on biological needs but rather makes a comparison between two people in the environment
Income Level is considered in Absolute Poverty It is not considered when measuring relative poverty as a person will still be considered poor despite meeting his.her basic needs 
The media in a democratic form of government is known as the fourth pillar of democracy as they  watch the government’s every move and criticise it should any misstep is taken The media is the mouthpiece of a dictatorial government. Regardless of what a dictator does, the media will only show what needs to be shown to the masses so that a cult of personality is always maintained.
Measured using Poverty Line Measured Using the Gini-Coefficient and Lorenzo Curve
It is not possible to completely eradicate absolute  There is a small margin of success where its eradication is concerned
Quality of life is poor  Quality of life is marginally better as those living under relative poverty have access to health care services

The concept of poverty is covered under the Economy segment of the UPSC Exams. Aspirants can find study materials related to this segment with the links given below:

Difference Between Absolute Poverty and Relative Poverty – Download PDF Here

Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Exams by visiting the UPSC Syllabus page. For more articles and exam-related preparation materials, refer to the links given in the table below:

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *