The Environmental Laws (Amendment) Bill

The Environmental Laws (Amendment) Bill is a draft of the proposed amendment in Environment protection Act 1986 and the National Green Tribunal Act of 2010. The amendments are done with an objective of providing for effective deterrent penal provisions and introducing the concept of a monetary penalty for violations and contraventions.

Candidates preparing for competitive exams can get the List of Important Acts that transformed India at the linked article.

IAS Exam aspirants can know in detail about the upcoming administrative services exam at the linked article.

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About Environmental Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2015

  • The Draft Environment Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2015 was published by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) on October 7, 2015
  • Objective: The proposed amendments are with the objective of providing for effective deterrent penal provisions and introducing the concept of monetary penalty for violation and contraventions
  • Categorisations of Violations: The bill proposes to categorize the environmental damages into three parts. These include:
    • Minor
    • Non-substantial
    • Substantial
  • Benefits of the Bill: Monetary penalty for substantial violations can be of great use. The amount collected as a penalty could be used for remediation and reclamation of polluted sites and improvement of the environment

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What is the Environment Protection Act 1986?

The Environment Protection Act, 1986, is based on the principles of the United Nations Conference on Human Environment held in Stockholm. The main objective of the Act if imposing punishments and penalties on those who endanger the environment, safety and health.

It aims at attaining protection of the right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution. To know in detail about the Environment Protection Act 1986, candidates can visit the linked article.

What is National Green Tribunal Act 2010?

National Green Tribunal (NGT) was established on 18th October 2010 under the NGT Act of 2010 as a specialized body for handling any environmental disputes that involve multi-disciplinary issues. It was formed by replacing the National Environment Appellate Authority.

It also draws inspiration from Article 21 of the Indian Constitution which assures to provide a healthy environment to the citizens of India. Get details about the National Green Tribunal at the linked article.

Furthermore, candidates preparing for the upcoming Civil Services Exam can get the comprehensive subject-wise UPSC Syllabus at the linked article. They can refer to the same prepare accordingly.

Frequently Asked Questions about Environment Laws

What are the important environment laws in India?

The six laws related to environmental protection and wildlife are: The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986; The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980; The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972; Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974; Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 and The Indian Forest Act, 1927.

What are environmental laws?

Environmental law is the collection of laws, regulations, agreements and common law that governs how humans interact with their environment. The purpose of environmental law is to protect the environment and create rules for how people can use natural resources.

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Climate Change In India United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
UPSC Books for Environment and Ecology Environment And Ecology Notes For UPSC
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