Memory Hacks: Reports of International Organisations

There are various important reports published by international organisations across the globe that hold important for IAS Exam. This article will provide you with the names of international reports that are important for both UPSC Prelims and Mains examination.

UPSC Questions on International Organisational Reports

UPSC has quite frequently tested the knowledge of aspirants regarding the names of the various reports published by international organisations in both Civil Services Examination Prelims and as well as Mains. The prelims of 2014 and 2015 saw a couple of questions based on this. Even in mains an aspirant can use this information along with the findings of these official reports in descriptive answers and in essays to add weight to answers.

Please find below some of the questions that appeared in prelims –

Question: Which of the following organizations brings out the publication known as ‘World Economic Outlook’?(In UPSC CSE Prelims 2014)

(a) The International Monetary Fund
(b) The United Nations Development Programme
(c) the World Economic Forum
(d) The World Bank

Answer: (a) the International Monetary Fund

 Question: Which one of the following issues the ‘Global Economic Prospects’ report periodically?(In UPSC CSE Prelims 2015)

(a) The Asian Development Bank
(b) The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
(c) the US Federal Reserve Bank
(d) The World Bank

Answer: (d) the World Bank

Names of Reports Published by Organisations for UPSC

Reports of organisations

Once you are familiar with these reports and the organization publishing it, you can proceed to understand some of the important findings of these reports by regularly tracking newspaper updates.

For example, the Human Development Report published by UNDP comes up with the HDI index. HDI and its associated parameters are very important from a public policy perspective. So while reading the newspaper and current affairs look out for the following points –

  • The HDR helps measure and analyse developmental progress.
  • In addition to a global Report, UNDP publishes regional, national, and local Human Development Reports.
  • The report was first launched in 1990 by the Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian Nobel laureate Amartya Sen.
  • HDI focuses on three basic dimensions of human development –
  • Education – access to knowledge and
  • Health and Nutrition – a long and healthy life
  • Employment skills – a decent standard of living.
  • The 2010 Human Development Report introduced three new indices
  1. Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index,
  2. Gender Inequality Index, and
  3. Multidimensional Poverty Index
  • India ranks 130 among 188 countries in Human Development Report 2015
  • India’s HDI value for 2014 is 0.609, which puts the country in the medium human development category
  • Among the BRICS nations, India was ranked lowest.
  • Gender Inequality Index (GII) – India has a GII value of 0.563, ranking it 130 out of 155 countries in the 2014 index.
  • Life expectancy at birth increased to 68 years in 2014 from 67.6 in the previous year and 53.9 in 1980.
  • Gross National Income (GNI) per capita was $5,497 in 2014 up from $5,180 in 2013 and $1,255 in 1980. India’s GNI per capita increased by about 338 per cent between 1980 and 2014.
  • The expected years of schooling is stagnant at 11.7 since 2011. Also, mean years of schooling at 5.4 has not changed since 2010.
  • Between 1980 and 2014, India’s –
  • life expectancy at birth increased by 14.1 years,
  • mean years of schooling increased by 3.5 years and
  • Expected years of schooling increased by 5.3 years.

Based on these lines if you are able to keep track of all relevant information for some of the important reports then you will be able to handle any question related to these topics, both in prelims and mains.

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