08 May 2020: PIB Summary & Analysis

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1. PM pays tributes to Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore
2. Kailash-Mansarovar pilgrimage

1. PM pays tributes to Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore

What’s in News?

The Prime Minister paid tributes to Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore on his Jayanti.

  • Rabindranath Tagore’s birth anniversary is celebrated by Bengalis all over the word as Rabindra Jayanti
  • It is marked on the 25th day of the Bengali month of Boisakh (falls in early May in the Gregorian calendar). 
  • It is celebrated in Bangladesh also.

Rabindranath Tagore:

  • Rabindranath Tagore is also known by his pen name Bhanu Singha Thakur.
  • He is also known by his sobriquets Gurudev, Kabiguru, and Biswakabi.
  • He was a polymath, poet, musician, artist and ayurveda-researcher. 
  • Tagore is the composer of India’s national anthemJana Gana Mana’.
  • He also composed Bangladesh’s national anthem ‘Amar Shonar Bangla’.

Background:

  • Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7 May 1861 to an upper class Bengali family in his ancestral home in Calcutta.
  • Tagore wrote his first poetry when he was 8 years of age.
  • He published his first poems aged 16 under the pen-name ‘Bhanusimha’.
  • His notable works include Gitanjali, Ghare-Baire, Gora, Manasi, Balaka, Sonar Tori.
  • He is also remembered for his song ‘Ekla Chalo Re’.
  • He became the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize for Literature when he won the award in 1913 for his translation of his own work in Bengali, Gitanjali.
  • He has composed over 2000 songs and his songs and music are called ‘Rabindrasangeet’ with its own distinct lyrical and fluid style.
  • Tagore had composed Amar Shonar Bangla in 1905 in the wake of the Bengal partition to foster a spirit of unity and patriotism among Bengalis.
    • Tagore fiercely opposed the partition.

2. Kailash-Mansarovar pilgrimage

What’s in News?

Ushering in a new era in undertaking Kailash-Manasarovar Yatra and border area connectivity, Raksha Mantri inaugurated the road link from Dharchula (Uttarakhand) to Lipulekh (China Border).

  • The Kailash-Mansarovar road alignment is along the Kali river, which is the boundary between India and Nepal.
  • The endpoint of the road is at Lipulekh Pass, a tri-junction of India, China and Nepal.
  • Pilgrimage to Kailash-Manasarovar is sacred and revered by Hindus, Buddhists and Jains.

Darchula:

  • Dharchula lies north of Pithoragarh, along the route of the Kailash-Mansarovar pilgrimage tour. 
  • Dharchula is a major trading centre for the trans-Himalayan trade routes since medieval times. 
  • Dharchula is surrounded by Himalayan Peaks

Lipulekh:

  • Lipulekh is a Himalayan pass on the border between India’s Uttarakhand state and the Tibet region of China, near their trijunction with Nepal. 
  • Nepal has ongoing claims to the southern side of the pass, called Kalapani territory, which is controlled by India.

What is the Kalapani dispute?

  • Kalapani is a 372-sq km area at the China-Nepal-India tri-junction. 
  • India claims Kalapani as a part of Uttarakhand while Nepal depicts the area in its map. 
  • The border dispute flared up again recently after India released its new political map following the reorganisation of J&K showing the area as its own. 
  • According to the Sugauli treaty signed between Nepal and British India in 1816, the Mahakali river that runs through the Kalapani area is the boundary between the two countries. 
  • However, British surveyors subsequently showed the origin of the river, which has many tributaries, at different places. 
  • While Nepal claims that the river, west of the disputed territory is the main river and so Kalapani falls in its territory, India claims a different origin and includes the area in its territory.
  • Strategically, Lipulekh pass in Kalapani serves as an important vantage point for India to keep an eye on Chinese movements.
  • Since 1962, Kalapani has been manned by the Indi-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).

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