Green Hydrogen Mobility Project – India’s first National Hydrogen Mobility project to be set up in Ladakh.
- NTPC REL signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Union Territory of Ladakh to set up the country’s first National Hydrogen Mobility Project in the region.
- The signing of the MoU was also marked with the inauguration of NTPC’s first solar installations in Leh in the form of solar trees and a solar carport.
- NTPC Renewable Energy Ltd. (NTPC REL) is a 100 percent subsidiary of NTPC Maharatna PSU.
Since the topic has been in the news recently, questions on Green Hydrogen Mobility can be expected in GS Paper 2 and GS Paper 3 of the IAS exam.
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The information on the Green Hydrogen Mobility Project forms an important part of the current affairs section of various competitive exams.
National Hydrogen Mobility Project
- The NHMP is in line with the Prime Minister’s vision of a “carbon neutral” Ladakh
- The project will enable NTPC to help Ladakh develop a carbon-free economy based on renewable sources and green hydrogen.
- The green hydrogen project is another step towards achieving a low carbon footprint.
- To start with the National Hydrogen Mobility Project, NTPC has plans to ply five hydrogen buses in the region and will be setting up a solar plant and a green hydrogen generation unit in Leh.
- With this, Leh will be the first city in the country to implement a green hydrogen-based mobility project. This would be zero emission mobility in the true sense.
- The project comes in the backdrop of India’s green hydrogen push, National Hydrogen Energy Mission – NHEM wherein the government is considering a proposal to make it mandatory for fertilizer plants and oil refineries to purchase green hydrogen as part of plans to cut the nation’s dependence on fossil fuels.
- Green hydrogen energy is vital for India to meet its Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) Targets and ensure regional and national energy security, access and availability.
- To elevate its energy transition efforts, India is working towards electrification of the economy by developing action plans for greening of electricity.
NTPC REL – Subsidiary of NTPC
- NTPC has been aggressively pushing for greening its portfolio.
- It has been promoting usage of green hydrogen-based solutions in sectors like mobility, energy, chemical, fertilizer, steel etc.
- IT has revised its target of achieving 60 GW renewables capacity by 2032, almost doubling the earlier target.
- NTPC has commissioned India’s largest floating solar project of 10 MW at Visakhapatnam.
- NTPC Ltd has already floated a global expression of interest for setting up two pilot projects:
- a standalone fuel-cell based backup power system and
- a microgrid system with hydrogen production using electrolyzers.
What is Green Hydrogen?
- Hydrogen, when produced by electrolysis using renewable energy, is known as Green Hydrogen. Check out the difference between Renewable and Non-renewable Sources on the linked page.
- Green hydrogen gas is produced by splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen using an electrolyzer that may be powered by electricity generated from renewable energy sources.
- Green Hydrogen has no carbon footprint. Hydrogen that is in use these days is the primary source.
- Organic materials such as fossil fuels and biomass are used for releasing hydrogen through chemical processes.
- Application of Green Hydrogen is in sectors such as chemicals, iron, steel, fertilizer and refining, transport, heating, and power.
Green Hydrogen Benefits
- Green hydrogen can be generated without any harmful emissions If renewable energy (e.g. from Solar panels) is used to generate electricity for electrolysis of water.
- It is a clean-burning molecule, which can decarbonize a range of sectors including iron and steel, chemicals, and transportation.
- To meet intermittencies (of renewable energy) in the future Green Hydrogen acts as an energy storage option.
- Renewable energy that cannot be stored or used by the grid can be channelled to produce hydrogen.
- Hydrogen is a clean energy source that only emits water vapour and leaves no residue in the air, unlike coal and oil.
- Green Hydrogen can be used for long distance mobilisation such as in railways, large ships, buses or trucks, etc.
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