January 24th - National Girl Child Day 2022

National Girl Child Day is celebrated on 24th January every year to create awareness of the disparities that girls suffer in India, the girl child’s fundamental rights, and the importance of female nutrition, health, and education. The day is a part of the Indian government’s many campaigns and programmes, including “Beti Padhao Beti Bachao“, and aims to reinforce awareness of their rights.

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National Girl Child Day: In the News

This year, the Ministry of Culture organised the Umang Rangoli Utsav as part of the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav. As part of the National Girl Child Day 2022 celebrations, participating teams created Rangoli decorations at around 50 different locations across the country. On highways and squares named for role models and female independence warriors of India, long Rangoli decorations were built.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi also electronically engaged with and felicitated the Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar (PMRBP) winners in the presence of Minister of State Munjpara Mahendrabhai and Union Women and Child Development Minister Smriti Zubin Irani.

How is National Girl Child Day Celebrated in India?

Various events are held across the country to promote education, position, equal standing, and other societal values to commemorate National Girl Child Day. In addition, the Government of India organises a number of programs to raise public awareness about the importance of girl children in Indian society.

The Government of India is highlighting inequities and challenges relating to the girl child through this campaign, running several advertisements on TV channels, local newspapers, and radio stations with the slogan “Save the Girl Child.” Even non-governmental organisations (NGOs) participate in the festival and raise awareness among society about the importance of treating female children equally and educating them, among other things.

Girl Child Day in India – An Overview for UPSC Preparation

National Girl Child Day is celebrated every year on 24th January in India. The purpose of this day is to highlight the inequality that girls suffer, support their health, education, and nutrition, and raise awareness of their fundamental rights. The day was first observed in 2008 – a joint effort of the Ministry of Women and Child Development and the Government of India.

Objectives

  • To raise people’s awareness and provide new opportunities for the girl child in society
  • To eliminate all inequities encountered by girls
  • To ensure that all human rights, respect, and value are accorded to the girl child in the country
  • Work to educate people about gender inequality

National Initiatives

  • “Beti Bachao Beti Padhao”: Aims to address sex-selective abortion and the falling child sex ratio, which was 918 girls for every 1,000 boys in 2011.
  • Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana: Established in 2015 to enhance the well-being of girls, it encourages parents to invest and save for their daughters’ future education and marriage expenditures.
  • Udaan Scheme of CBSE: The CBSE created UDAAN to address the low enrollment of female students in top engineering institutes and the instructional gap between school education and engineering entrance examinations.

Conclusion

A huge public awareness campaign on increasing the age of marriage is essential, as is the social acceptance of this new legislation – Prohibition of Child Marriage Amendment Bill – which would be far more effective than coercive methods.

The NFHS findings also serve as a reminder of the critical need to close inequalities in girls’ education and address women and children’s nutritional status.

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