Samarpan Diwas is celebrated on 11 February every year on the occasion of Deendayal Upadhyaya’s death anniversary. Deendayal Upadhyaya left a lasting impact on the political spectrum of the Indian nation.
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To know more about Samarpan Diwas in the context of the UPSC exam, read below. You can also prepare for your IAS preliminary examination with newspaper reports and other study material. So, without further delay, let’s delve into some details of Samarpan Diwas.
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Who was Deendayal Upadhayaya?
Deendayal Upadhyaya was a right-wing Indian politician and thinker along the lines of Hindutva ideology as espoused by RSS or Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. He was the leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh party.
Deendayal Upadhyaya’s vision was to see India as a free and self-reliant nation not just in the agricultural sector but also in our defence and other sectors.
He was born on 25 September 1916 in the sacred region of Brij in Mathura. His grandfather was an astrologer who predicted that he would become a thinker, a scholar and a great politician though he would not marry.
Deendayal, or Deena as he was called by family, witnesses the passing away of his parents at a young age. After a tragic early life where he also witnessed the passing of his brother and maternal grandfather, he took his education under the Maharajah of Sikar.
He joined RSS in 1937 and, in that same year, completed his BA. In 1951 he convened the Bharatiya Jana Sangh with Dr Shyama Prasad Mukherjee. He had excellent organising skills and rose to become party president. However, he was mysteriously found dead at Mugal Sarai Railway Station in 1968.
Moreover, Deendayal Uphadyaya was a revered icon of Integral Humanism. He also believed in an alternative path of governance and politics.
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Beliefs of Deendayal Upadhayaya
Since Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya was a philosopher and a thinker, he had many tenets of life. He believed that humankind has 4 hierarchical attributes of mind, body, intellect and soul. These correspond to four universal objectives, Artha (wealth), Kama (desire), Dharma (moral duties) and Moksha (total liberation of self).
Samarpan Diwas 2021
Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi presided over the celebrations on Samarpan Diwas in 2021. He addressed the MPs of the BJP and commemorated the contributions of Deendayal Upadhayaya to the nation and the party.
Here are some pointers from what the Prime Minister mentioned.
- Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi mentioned that the Deendayal Upadhayaya was an inspiration to many. His ideas are relevant to this day and are followed by many.
- Moreover, he believed a strong nation would contribute to a stronger world.
- Further, he focussed on an Atmanirbhar India and envisioned an India that would be self-reliant not only in agriculture but also in defence.
- He also took a dig at the dissenting opposition and mentioned that a government could run on the majority while a country runs on consensus.
- Moreover, the creation of different states in the country was being done because of the vision of Deendayal Upadhayaya.
Thus, that was all about the Samarpan Diwas. It is a very important and revered day for the BJP and the RSS as Deendayal Upadhayaya was a man close to their hearts. Moreover, aspirants for the IAS exam can supplement their studies with more in-depth research with books and websites. They can get a complete overview of the occasion for their general knowledge section.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Where was the Samarpan Diwas held in 2021?
The Samarpan Diwas was held at Ambedkar International Centre, Janpath.
What steps are being taken in accordance with Uphadhyaya’s vision for India’s defence future?
India has several defence corridors, Made In India weapons and fighter jets like Tejas.