Adjournment Sine Die: Notes for UPSC Polity

Adjournment sine die (Latin for”without day”) means “without assigning a day for a further meeting or hearing”. To adjourn an assembly sine die is to adjourn it for an indefinite period. A legislative body adjourns sine die when it adjourns without appointing a day on which to appear or assemble again.

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Definition of Adjournment sine die

Adjournment sine die means dismissing a sitting of Parliament for an unspecified period. In other words, when the House is suspended without naming a day for reassembly, it is known as adjournment sine die. The authority of adjournment sine die lies with the presiding officer of the House. The presiding officer of a House can call a sitting of the House before the date or time to which it has been suspended or at any time after the House has been adjourned sine die.

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Application of Adjournment sine die

A court may also adjourn a matter sine die, which means the matter has stayed until further notice. This may be due to various reasons. For example, if the case is started with a wrong procedure chosen, the judge may adjourn the matter sine die, so that the party may choose to start the action again with the correct procedure. It may also be thus adjourned if there is no possibility of proceeding in the foreseeable future—for example, an action may be adjourned sine die if the defendant is in prison and there is no prospect of continuing the action at that time. In a sine die adjournment of this type, the hearing stands open indefinitely, and could theoretically be resumed if the situation changed.

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Relevant Questions for Adjournment sine die

What does sine die represent for a legislative body?

From a legislative point of view, it means the end of a session “without day.” These adjournments are used to indicate the final adjournment of an annual or meeting of a legislative house,

What does failed sine die mean?

All bills that did not reach a status of Enacted, Vetoed, or Failed by the time the legislature adjourns are considered “Sine Die – Failed”. That is since the legislature has adjourned “without day”, there is no opportunity for a further activity to occur on that bill, and it is effectively “Failed”.

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