Adjournment Sine Die: Notes for UPSC Polity

Adjournment sine die (Latin for “without day”) means “without assigning a day for a further meeting or hearing”. To adjourn an assembly sine die is to adjourn it for an indefinite period. A legislative body adjourns sine die when it adjourns without appointing a day on which to appear or assemble again.

Candidates will find the details of this article to be useful for the IAS Exam.

This article is part of the Indian polity section of the UPSC Syllabus.

The candidates can read about other important Parliamentary terms to prepare in a comprehensive manner for their upcoming exams:

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Definition of Adjournment sine die

Adjournment sine die means dismissing a sitting of Parliament for an unspecified period. In other words, when the House is suspended without naming a day for reassembly, it is known as adjournment sine die. The authority of adjournment sine die lies with the presiding officer of the House. The presiding officer of a House can call a sitting of the House before the date or time to which it has been suspended, or at any time after the House has been adjourned sine die.

For more UPSC Polity notes, visit the linked article.

Application of Adjournment sine die

A court can also adjourn a matter as Sine Die which means the matter has stayed until further notice. The various reasons that could be the cause for sine die are given below.

  • Wrong Procedure is followed
  • If the proceedings are not possible in the foreseeable future.

To know more about how a sine die is applicable in the Supreme Court, visit the linked article. 

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FAQ about Adjournment sine die


What does sine die represent for a legislative body?

From a legislative point of view, it means the end of a session “without day.” These adjournments are used to indicate the final adjournment of an annual or meeting of a legislative house.

What does failed sine die mean?

All bills that did not reach a status of Enacted, Vetoed, or Failed by the time the legislature adjourns are considered “Sine Die – Failed”. That is, since the legislature has adjourned “without day”, there is no opportunity for further activity to occur on that bill, and it is effectively “Failed”.

What does Adjournment Sine Die mean in the Parliament?

When the House is adjourned without announcing any fixed day for the reassembly of the members, it is called Adjournment Sine Die. It means that the sitting has been postponed indefinitely.

How is Adjournment different from Adjournment Sine Die?

When a sitting of the Parliament is terminated and the next day and time of the siting are announced, it is known as Adjournment of the Parliament sitting. However, when it is postponed for no definite time, it is called Adjournment sine die.

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