The Saur revolution began on the 27th of April 1978 in Afghanistan when the military coup was taken in power by the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA. Subsequently, large parts of Afghanistan started to experience uprising against the PDPA government. To replace the communist government, December of 1979 saw the beginning of the Soviet war in Afghanistan.
The Mujahideen (resistance forces of Afghanistan) fought against the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan. United States supported some factions, while the Pakistani ISI served as the middleman to the United States and Saudi Arabia. In February of 1989, the Soviet Union was left with no choice but to withdraw its troops. In 1992, until the fall of Kabul, the Afghan communist government backed by the Soviet Union survived for an additional three years.