Haemophilia is a genetic disorder that impairs the ability of the body to clot the blood, which is required to stop bleeding. Haemophilia is caused due to genetic mutation. It involves the mutation of genes that are essential for the clotting of blood. The clotting of blood is a complex phenomenon involving 13 different proteins. They are termed as factors from I to XIII. Haemophilia A is caused due to deficiency of factor VIII and Haemophilia B is caused due to deficiency of factor IX. Haemophilia C is caused due to deficiency in factor XI.
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What are the 3 Types of Haemophilia?
The 3 types of haemophilia are given below.
- Haemophilia A – Deficiency of Factor VIII
- Haemophilia B – Deficiency of Factor IX
- Haemophilia C- Deficiency of Factor XI
Can Haemophilia be Cured?
Currently, there is no complete cure for Haemophilia. However, researchers have found that there is tremendous hope in the treatment known as gene therapy. It is a process where genes from a healthy person are implanted into the body of a person with Haemophilia.
What are the Symptoms of Haemophilia?
The list of several symptoms of haemophilia are given below
- Tight joints
- Frequent nose bleeds
- Blood in urine
- Large unexplained bruises
- Bleeding gums
- Deep Bruises
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