UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs launched the National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana, popularly known as HRIDAY on 21st January 2015 in order to preserve and revitalize the rich cultural heritage of the country. It aims to congregate heritage conservation, urban planning and economic growth for the identified heritage cities. The emphasis is on accessibility, security, safety, livelihood, cleanliness and faster service delivery in heritage cities.
HRIDAY was launched with a view of overcoming the existent challenges of the unclear regulatory framework for financing & managing urban heritage assets, multiple institutions and weak capacities of Urban Local Bodies. The scheme encourages holistic development of core heritage infrastructure projects recommended by the state governments and the Ministry of Culture. The developmental plan envisages rejuvenation of urban infrastructures such as sanitation, drainage, waste management, water supply, electricity wiring, the lighting of streets, landscaping, tourist convenience and other such citizen services.
It is a central sector scheme with 100% funding from the central government and is implemented by the Ministry of Urban Development. The mission directorate is to recommend the allocation of funds to executing agencies which are Public Works Organization, Central Public Sector Units, Special Purpose Vehicles, National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA). NIUA appointed as the National Project Management Unit for the scheme and is to function as a secretariat for the mission.
In the initial phase, to be completed by November 2018, 12 heritage cities have been recognized which will be developed and rejuvenated under HRIDAY. The identified cities are Amaravati, Warangal, Kanchipuram, Velankanni, Badami, Dwaraka, Mathura, Ajmer, Puri, Gaya, Varanasi, Amritsar. HRIDAY scheme will be dovetailed with the Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive (PRASAD) scheme of the Ministry of Tourism with an outlay of 100 crores. HRIDAY and PRASAD cover 12 cities with 10 cities in common to both the schemes. Badami & Warangal specific to HRIDAY and Kamakhya & Kedarnath specific to PRASAD.