North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NATO stands for The North Atlantic Treaty Organization which is also called the North Atlantic Alliance. It is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949. The organization constitutes of a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack by a non-member external party. NATO’s headquarters are located in Haren, Brussels, Belgium, where the Supreme Allied Commander  resides. Belgium is one of the 28 member states across North America and Europe, the newest of which, Albania and Croatia, joined in April 2009. An additional 22 countries participate in NATO’s Partnership for Peace program, with 15 other countries involved in institutionalized dialogue programs. The combined military spending of all NATO members constitutes over 70% of the global total.Members’ defence spending is supposed to amount to 2% of GDP.

Consider the following statements:

  1. NATO is a military alliance.
  2. Belgium is not a part of NATO.

Which of the above statements are true?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 & 2

d) None of the above

Answer: a