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3 Dec 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 3 Dec 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Russian Oil Price Cap
C. GS 3 Related
INTERNAL SECURITY
1. Red Corner notice
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
SOCIAL ISSUES
1. Indian politics needs a dose of new experimentalism
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Connecting India’s East with the Indo-Pacific
2. On the boil
3. Great responsibility
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. The U.S. list of global terrorists
2. B-21 Raider
3. Vijay Hazare Trophy
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

2. B-21 Raider

  • The US Air force recently unveiled its most advanced military aircraft – the B-21 Raider.
  • It is developed by US defense major Northrop Grumman.
  • B-21 Raider is being promoted by the company as a ‘digital bomber’. 
    • Through the integration of cloud computing, and advanced integration of data, sensors and weapons, the B-21 raider has been developed using agile software.
  • It is the first new American bomber aircraft in more than 30 years. Almost every aspect of the program is classified. 
  • When delivered to the US Air Force, Northrop Grumman’s B-21 stealth bomber will join the US nuclear triad and will provide the USAF with long-range mission survivability.
  • It can hit enemy targets with conventional missiles as well as nuclear warheads.
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Image Source: northropgrumman

3. Vijay Hazare Trophy

  • The Saurashtra cricket team beat Maharashtra to win the 2022 Vijay Hazare Trophy.
  • The Vijay Hazare Trophy, also known as the Ranji One-Day Trophy, is an annual limited-overs cricket domestic competition involving state teams from the Ranji Trophy plates organized by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). 
  • The tournament was started in the 2002-03 season and is named after twentieth-century Indian cricketer Vijay Hazare.
  • Tamil Nadu is the most successful team having won the trophy five times.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Which of the following places are best known for the coastal red sand dunes? 
(Level-Difficult)
  1. Erra Matti Dibbalu in Andhra Pradesh
  2. Theri Desert in Tamil Nadu
  3. Padubidri Beach in Karnataka
  4. Puri Beach in Odisha

Options:

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 1, 2 and 4 only
  3. 1 and 2 only 
  4. 1 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation: 

  • The red dunes are called theri in Tamil. They consist of sediments dating back to the Quaternary Period and are made of marine deposits.
  • Such sand deposits are rare and have been reported only from three places in the tropical regions in south Asia such as Teri Sands in Tamil Nadu, Erra Matti Dibbalu in Visakhapatnam and one more site in Sri Lanka. They do not occur in equatorial regions or temperate regions due to many scientific reasons.
Q2. How many of the given statements with respect to the Champaner-Pavagadh 
Archaeological Park are correct? (Level-Difficult)
  1. It is included under UNESCO’s List of World Heritage in Danger.
  2. It is a place of worship and a continuous pilgrimage for Buddhists.
  3. The site represents both Hindu and Muslim architecture and is known for Islamic designs from before the Mughal era.

Options:

  1. One statement only 
  2. Two statements only
  3. All three statements
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 01 is incorrect, Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Gujarat.
  • Statement 02 is incorrect, The Kalika Mata Temple, located on top of the 800 metres high Pavagadh Hill, is an important Hindu shrine in the region, attracting large numbers of pilgrims throughout the year.
  • Statement 03 is correct, The transition between Hindu and Muslim culture and architecture in the late 15th to early 16th century is documented in the park, particularly the early Islamic and pre-Mughal city that has remained without any change.
Q3. Which among the following statements best describes the ‘B-21 Raider’ recently 
seen in News? (Level-Medium)
  1. Russia’s unmanned combat air vehicle.
  2. A bomb detection device indigenously developed by the DRDO and the Indian Institute of Science.
  3. A long-range strike stealth bomber developed with nuclear capabilities for the US Air Force. 
  4. Russia’s first long-range nuclear-capable strategic bomber.
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation: 

  • The US Air force recently unveiled its most advanced military aircraft – the B-21 Raider.
  • It is developed by US defence major Northrop Grumman.
  • B-21 Raider is being promoted by the company as a ‘digital bomber’. 
  • It can hit enemy targets with conventional missiles as well as nuclear warheads.
Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to EOS-06: (Level-Medium)
  1. It is an ocean observation satellite.
  2. Its payloads are of great significance to India’s blue economy aspirations.
  3. It carried the ARGOS – a communication payload jointly developed with France.
  4. It is a part of a joint project between NASA and ISRO to co-develop and launch a dual-frequency synthetic aperture radar on an Earth observation satellite.

How many of the given statements is/are correct?

  1. One statement only
  2. Two statements only
  3. Three statements only
  4. All four statements
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation: 

  • Statement 01 is correct, EOS 6 is the third-generation Indian satellite for monitoring the oceans.
  • Statement 02 is correct, The satellite would serve as a strong foundation for India’s blue economy and polar region policies.
  • Statement 03 is correct, The EOS-06 payloads include Ocean Color Monitor (OCM-3), Sea Surface Temperature Monitor (SSTM), Ku-Band Scatterometer (SCAT-3) and ARGOS – a French payload.
  • Statement 04 is incorrect, The NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) mission is a joint project between NASA and ISRO to co-develop and launch a dual-frequency synthetic aperture radar on an Earth observation satellite.
Q5. With reference to ‘Asia Pacific Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban 
Development (APMCHUD)’, consider the following statements:(PYQ-CSE-2017)(Level-Medium)
  1.  The first APMCHUD was held in India in 2006 on the theme ‘Emerging Urban Forms — Policy Responses and Governance Structure’.
  2. India hosts all the Annual Ministerial Conferences in partnership with ADB, APEC and ASEAN.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2 
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 01 is incorrect, The First APMCHUD Conference was held in New Delhi in December 2006 under the theme “A vision for sustainable urbanisation in the Asia-Pacific by 2020“.
  • Statement 02 is incorrect, The Conference of APMCHUD is a biennial event. This event is hosted by one of the member countries whose offer is consented to by the members in the previous conference of the APMCHUD.

CNA 3 Dec 2022:- Download PDF Here

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