24 Sep 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Quote for the day Set 5 11

CNA 24 Sep 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
HEALTH
1. SC nixes plea seeking health warnings on liquor bottles
C. GS 3 Related
ENVIRONMENT
1. Tamil Nadu forest officials learn the ‘language of elephants’, thanks to calf 
rescue missions
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. The Global South’s assertion in geopolitics
SOCIAL JUSTICE
1. Growing Cases of Rabies in Kerala
ECONOMY
1. Currency pressure - The Federal Reserve's latest policy change
F. Prelims Facts
1. Avalanche monitoring radar
G. Tidbits
1. G4 countries highlight ‘urgent need’ for reform in UN Security Council
2. Quad signs agreement for disaster relief and assistance
3. In Odisha’s Nayagarh, a data-driven solution to child marriage
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

G. Tidbits

1. G4 countries highlight ‘urgent need’ for reform in UN Security Council

  • The Group of Four (G4) nations consists of India, Germany, Brazil and Japan.
    • The key focus of the group is to bring about reforms in the UN Security Council (UNSC) and seek permanent membership for G4 members in UNSC.
  • The G4 countries also reiterated the need for the representation of African countries in the permanent and non-permanent capacity of the UNSC.
  • The G4 countries in their joint statement also urged immediate reforms of the UN decision-making bodies as the global issues are becoming increasingly complex and interconnected.
  • The G4 ministers also raised concerns about the 76th Session of the UN General Assembly which failed to make any significant progress in the Inter-Governmental Negotiations (IGN), which has been constrained by a lack of transparency.

2. Quad signs agreement for disaster relief and assistance

  • The Foreign Ministers of Quad grouping recently signed the Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) partnership in the Indo-Pacific during a meeting hosted by the US on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in New York.
    • The Partnership will act as a specialised platform for Quad partners to coordinate their disaster response operations in the Indo-Pacific region and was created to respond to the region’s vulnerabilities.
    • The mechanism will also improve their ability to perform HADR operations by increasing their capacity, capability, interoperability, and operational synergy.
  • The fundamental values of humanity, neutrality, and impartiality as outlined in United Nations General Assembly Resolution 46/182 on the provision of humanitarian aid will serve as the basis for response operations.
  • A request for international assistance is needed before Quad partners may act in coordination under the Partnership and all the humanitarian actions will be carried out by respecting the sovereignty, territorial integrity and national unity of the affected state.

3. In Odisha’s Nayagarh, a data-driven solution to child marriage

  • Nayagarh, a district in Odisha has adopted a unique initiative of meticulously recording information on all adolescent girls in the district with an aim of eradicating child marriage.
  • Acknowledging that child marriages in Nayagarh are still considered a part of their social life, the district administration launched the Aliva programme in January 2022. 
    • Herein, the key information such as birth registration date, Aadhaar number, family details, and skill training can be found in registers named Aliva.
  • Anganwadi workers have been entrusted with the task of identifying every adolescent girl in their jurisdiction and keeping tabs on them.
  • As the State of Odisha aims to eradicate child marriage by 2030 as per its child marriage prevention strategy, the register has been useful for law enforcement agencies.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements: (Level – Medium)
  1. At present only those who belong to Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism & Buddhism faiths are considered Scheduled Castes.
  2. A person belonging to a Scheduled Caste (SC) in a state will be deemed to be SC in another state to which he/ she migrates for the purpose of employment or education.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, At present only those who belong to Hindu, Sikhism & Buddhism faiths are considered as Dalits (Scheduled Castes), according to the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order 1950.
    • Individuals belonging to Jainism are not considered Scheduled Castes.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, The Supreme Court has recently clarified that “a person belonging to a Scheduled Caste (SC) or Scheduled Tribe (ST) in a state will not be deemed to be SC or ST in another state to which he/ she migrates for the purpose of employment or education.”
Q2. Sarda Act passed during the pre-independent period dealt with (Level – Easy)
  1. Child Marriage
  2. Domestic Violence
  3. Rights of inheritance
  4. Special Marriage
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • The Sharada Act (Sarda Act) which is also known as the Child Marriage Restraint Act is a legislative act passed in September 1929. 
  • The Act fixed the marriageable age for girls at 14 years and 18 years for boys. 
  • Read more about – Sharada Act.
Q3. With respect to Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, which of the following 
statements is/are correct? (Level – Difficult)
  1. A “child” according to this act is a person who has not completed eighteen years of age.
  2. All child marriages under all circumstances are void according to the act.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, As per the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, “child” means a person who, 
    • If male, has not completed twenty-one years of age 
    • If female, has not completed eighteen years of age
  • Statement 2 is not correct, Marriage of a minor child is considered to be void in certain circumstances, where a child, being a minor –
    • Is taken or enticed out of the keeping of the lawful guardian.
    • By force compelled, or by any deceitful means induced to go from any place.
    • Is sold for the purpose of marriage.
Q4. India's first avalanche-monitoring radar was installed in the state/UT of 
(Level – Easy)
  1. Himachal Pradesh
  2. Jammu and Kashmir
  3. Sikkim
  4. Uttarakhand
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • India’s first avalanche-monitoring radar has been installed in the state/UT of Sikkim.
  • The avalanche-monitoring radar has been installed by the Indian Army and the Defence Geoinformatics and Research Establishment (DGRE) at an altitude of 15,000 feet in North Sikkim.
Q5. Which of the following statements is/are correct with respect to Pattachitra? 
(Level – Medium)
  1. It is a picture painted on a piece of cloth.
  2. This form of art is closely related to the Manglagauri temple and its traditions in Bihar.
  3. The materials used in the paint are from vegetable, earth, and mineral sources.

Options:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, Pattachitra art is a form of cloth-based scroll painting.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, Pattachitra art is usually associated with the eastern states of India.
    • In Odisha, Pattachitra originated as a way to paint stories of God Jagannath.
    • In West Bengal, Pattachitras were used to depict stories of Goddess Durga and other mythological stories.
  • Statement 3 is correct, The materials used in the paint are from vegetable, earth, and mineral sources. 
    • Black is made out of lampblack
    • Yellow from haritala stone
    • Red from shingle stone
    • White colour is prepared from crushed, boiled, and filtered shells
Q6. With reference to India, consider the following statements: (Level – Difficult)
 PYQ (2022)
  1. Monazite is a source of rare earths.
  2. Monazite contains thorium.
  3. Monazite occurs naturally in the entire Indian coastal sands in India.
  4. In India, Government bodies only can process or export monazite.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  1. 1, 2 and 3 only
  2. 1, 2 and 4 only
  3. 3 and 4 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, Monazite is a source of rare earths such as cerium, lanthanum, and others. 
  • Statement 2 is correct, Uranium and thorium are found in monazite.
  • Statement 3 is not correct, Monazite occurs naturally in the coastal sands of three districts of Tamil Nadu namely Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi and Kanyakumari. 
  • Statement 4 is correct, In India, only Indian Rare Earths Limited (IREL), a wholly owned Public Sector Undertaking of the Government of India (GOI) under the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) has been permitted to produce and process monazite, and handle it for domestic use as well as for export.

CNA 24 Sep 2022:- Download PDF Here

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