TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. State of Inequality report in India 2. International Museum Day 3. National Policy on Biofuels 4. P8I Aircraft
Syllabus: GS I, Society, Population and associated issues, poverty
Prelims: Economic Advisory Council – PM, State of Inequality Report
Mains: Estimating the extent of inequalities in India
Context: The Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister has released the State of Inequality report.
About the State of Inequality report:
- This report has been written by the Institute of Competitiveness and is an assessment of both inclusion and exclusion in the country.
- It provides a holistic view of inequalities in the country.
- The report compiles information on inequities across sectors like health, education, household characteristics and the labour market.
- Inequalities existing in various sectors lead to multidimensional poverty.
Also get an understanding of the Multidimensional Poverty Index in the linked article.
- The report consists of two parts, economic facets and socio-economic manifestations that look after five areas that influence the nature and experience of inequality.
- It also offers a roadmap to reform strategies for social progress and shared prosperity.
- It produces a comprehensive analysis of the various prevalent deprivations in the country that impact the population and overall growth.
- It studies the differential treatments based on class, gender and region measuring the intensity of inequalities.
- Data given by the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS), National Family Health Survey and UDISE+, are utilised by the report.
- For the first time, the State of Inequality report has emphasised income distribution to understand the capital flow.
- The report mentioned that wealth concentration as a measure of inequality does not determine the changes in the purchasing power of households.
- According to the data available from PLFS, there exist certain levels of income disparity.
- It was estimated that at different levels of employment categories, the highest percentage was of self-employed workers followed by regular salaried workers and casual workers.
- The share of self-employed workers was found to be the highest in the lowest income categories.
- The unemployment rate in the country was estimated to be 4.8% (2019-20) with a worker population ratio of 46.8%.
- Nutritional deprivation in terms of overweight, underweight and prevalence of anaemia along with low health coverage, high out-of-pocket expenditure remain areas of great concern.
- The gross enrolment ratio has increased at the primary, secondary and higher secondary levels of education.
- Improvements have been made in the access to sanitation and safe drinking water.
- The report’s recommendations include:
- Creation of income slabs that provide class information
- Establishing Universal Basic Income
- Creating jobs
- Increasing the budget for social protection schemes
Syllabus: GS I, Indian Heritage and Culture
Prelims: International Museum Day
Mains: Necessity to restructure the museums in the country.
Context: International Museum Day has been celebrated as an iconic opportunity to understand the history and culture of India through museums.
- Every 18th of May is commemorated as International Museum Day.
- The Government of India has been actively involved in reviving the museums in the country, thereby conserving the rich heritage of our past.
- There are efforts to develop tribal museums as a tribute to the freedom fighters of the tribal communities and at the same time, make the country and the world aware of the scheduled tribes of India.
- The inauguration of the Bhagwan Birsa Munda Freedom Fighters’ Museum in Ranchi was a historic testimony to acknowledge the contribution of tribal communities to the freedom struggle.
Know more about the International Museum Day by visiting the link.
Syllabus: GS II, Governance, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors
Prelims: National Policy on Biofuels, Biofuels
Mains: Significance of biofuels and their scope in India
Context: Amendments to the National Policy on Biofuels 2018 have been approved by the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister.
The need for the amendment:
- National Policy on Biofuels 2018 has been amended with the objective of introducing and promoting advanced Ethanol Blended Petrol with up to 20% ethanol content across the country.
- The amendments also intend to enhance the production of biofuels as a welcoming move to adopt clean energy.
Highlighting the amendments:
- Allow more feedstocks for the production of biofuels
- To advance ethanol blending target of 20% blending of ethanol in petrol
- To promote the production of biofuels in the country under the Make in India programme by units located in the Special Economic Zone/Export Oriented Units
- Add new members to National Biofuel Coordination Committee
- Grant of permission for export of biofuels in specific cases
Read more about National Policy on Biofuels 2018 in the linked article.
4. P8I Aircraft
Syllabus: GS III, Security, Various Security Forces and Agencies
Prelims: P8I Aircraft
Context: The Defence Minister on-boarded the Indian Navy’s P8I Long Range Maritime Reconnaissance Anti-Submarine Warfare Aircraft.
P8I: Salient Features
- The Poseidon series of Boeing consists of the most advanced aircraft that deliver the highest levels of quality, reliability and operability.
- This multimission maritime aircraft is developed and produced by Boeing Defence, Space & Security.
- P-8I is the Indian variant of P-8s.
- They provide India’s maritime warriors with a significant edge in the strategically important Indian Ocean region.
- It plays a crucial role in coastal patrolling, search and rescue, anti-piracy and supporting operations.
- The induction of this aircraft has significantly contributed to the surveillance operations of the Indian Navy in the Indian Ocean Region.
Read previous PIB here.
May 18th, 2022, PIB:- Download PDF Here
|NFHS 5||National Education Policy|
|Directorate General of Trade Remedies||Gati Shakti Master Plan|
|PM Garib Kalyan Yojana||Indian Ocean Commission|