Difference between Bureaucracy and Democracy

Difference between Bureaucracy and Democracy is explained here in detail.

Bureaucracy refers to both a body of non-elected government officials and an administrative policy-making group. The public administration in many countries is an example of a bureaucracy. Bureaucracy as a political theory is mainly a centralized form of management.

Democracy is a form of government in which the people have the authority to choose their governing legislation. The word Democracy is derived from Greek Words Demos (meaning people) and Kratos (meaning rule).

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Difference between Bureaucracy and Democracy – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Difference between Bureaucracy and Democracy

The major differences between Bureaucracy and Democracy are:

Bureaucracy Democracy
In Bureaucracy, the bureaucrats are elected through established procedures In Democracy, the leaders are elected by the people of the country or state through free and fair elections.
In Bureaucracy, the bureaucrats are not considered as public representatives. In Democracy, leaders are public representatives.
In Bureaucracy, the bureaucrats have a fixed tenure, i.e their tenure is fixed till the age of retirement, although their roles and responsibilities could vary depending on the posting etc. In Democracy, the elected leaders or representatives have a fixed tenure of upto 5 years in India, after this period they have to contest elections again to get the necessary votes to regain and continue in power. 
Bureaucracy does not give too much importance to, or focus much on public opinions. In Democracy, the elected representatives give a lot of importance to public opinions as they are elected by the public through elections.
Bureaucracy does not grant freedom of expression. Democracy grants freedom of expression
The mandate of Bureaucracy is to implement the laws. Democracy gives the powers to make the laws.
Bureaucracy is responsible for implementing the policies. Democracy gives the right to elected representatives to make or formulate the policies.
Bureaucracy gives more accountability Democracy does not necessarily give great accountability. If there was perfect accountability then corruption would not exist.
Since inputs from electorates are not paid heed to by the Bureaucracy, Directive approach is prevalent. In Democracy, consultative approach is used before framing new laws, policies etc. Elected representatives takes inputs from their electorates
In Bureaucracy, hierarchy is extremely important, a top down approach is followed for smooth functioning of any department. Bureaucracy also focuses on Centralization. Democracy is based on the values of Equality, Republicanism, Federalism etc.

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Difference between Bureaucracy and Democracy – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Frequently Asked Questions about Bureaucracy and Democracy

What does bureaucracy mean in government?

The federal bureaucracy performs three primary tasks in government: implementation, administration, and regulation. When Congress passes a law, it sets down guidelines to carry out the new policies. The bureaucracy often has some flexibility, known as administrative discretion, in actual implementation.

What is the realation between democracy and bureaucracy?

The relation between bureaucracy and democracy lies in the increase of bureaucratic regulation and its increased effectivesness

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