The Nayanars and Alvars were the Tamil poet-saints who played a key role in propagating the Bhakti Movement in Southern India during the 5th-10th Centuries.
The Nayanars were a group of 63 saints devoted to Lord Shiva who lived during the 6th to 8th centuries CE.
The Alwars were Tamil poet-saints of South India who espoused devotion to the Lord Vishnu or his avatar Lord Krishna in their songs of longing, and service.
This article will further highlight the difference between the Nayanars and Alwars for the IAS Exam
The differences between Naynars and Alvars are given in the table below:
Differences between Nayanars and Alvars
|Nayanars were devoted to Lord Shiva and his avatars||Alvars were devoted to Lord Vishnu and his avatars|
|Nayanars were active around the 6th-8th Centuries AD||Although modern scholars consider the Alvars to be active between the 5th and 10th Century AD, they are believed to have lived between 4200 BCE – 2700 BCE|
|The high priest of Raja Raja Chola I, Nambiyandar Nambi, compiled the hymns into a series of volumes called the Tirumurai.||The hymns of the Alvars were made into a consolidated volume known as Divya Prabandha.|
|The Nayanars were from various backgrounds, including Brahmins, Harijan, and nobles. Along with the twelve Vaishnava Alvars, they are regarded as the important Hindu saints from South India.||The Bhakti literature that sprang from Alvars had contributed to the establishment and sustenance of a culture that broke away from the ritual-oriented Vedic religion and rooted itself in devotion as the only path for salvation|
Candidates can use the following links to learn more in detail about the Nayanars and Alvars:
- Bhakti Movement
- NCERT Notes for UPSC Art and Culture
- Difference Between Bhakti and Sufi Movements
- Sufi Saints
- NCERT Ancient Indian History Notes for UPSC
- NCERT Medieval Indian History Notes for UPSC
- NCERT Modern Indian History Notes for UPSC
Difference Between Nayanars and Alvars – Download PDF Here
Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Exams by visiting the UPSC Syllabus page. For more articles and exam-related preparation materials, refer to the links given in the table below:
|NCERT Books||UPSC Exam Pattern||Current Affairs Quiz|
|IFS Eligibility||World Current Affairs||PIB Summary and Analysis|
|Global Talent Competitiveness index||Administrative Reforms Commission||List of National Parks in India|