List of Basic Information about India [UPSC Exam]

India is the Seventh-Largest country by area and second-largest by population and also the most populous democracy in the world. The syllabus encompasses various fields like geography, history, economy, technology, environment. The UPSC Civil Service Exam aspirant must be well versed with static General Knowledge pertaining to India. This article gives a comprehensive list of basic information on India.

Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam.

Before starting the UPSC preparation, aspirants should know about the basic information about the country, administrative mechanisms, etc. Here we are giving general information about India which is essential to know.

For UPSC IAS Exam, the candidate should know about their country very well in all perspectives.

Name The Republic of India
Capital New Delhi
Continent Asia
Location 28°36.8′N, 77°12.5′E
Other Names of India ·         Hindustan

·         Bharat

Indian States 28
Union Territories 8
Neighbour countries
  • China
  • Nepal
  • Bangladesh
  • Sri Lanka
  • Pakistan
  • Myanmar
  • Bhutan
  • Afghanistan
  • Maldives
Official Languages Hindi and English
Independence 15th August 1947
Head of a country President
Head of government Prime Minister
Apex judicial body Supreme Court
Currency Indian Rupee
National Flag Tricolour
National Emblem Lion of Sarnath
National Anthem Jana Gana Mana
National Song Vande Mataram
National Animal Tiger
National Flower Lotus
National Calendar Saka calendar
National Tree Banyan
National Bird Peacock
National Days ·         26th January- Republic Day

·         15th August- Independence Day

·         2nd October- Gandhi Jayanthi

Population 1,342,512,706
Area 3.287 million km²
Total Coast Line of India 7,517 Km
Land Frontier 15,200 Km
Stretch 2933 Km East to West
3214 Km North to South
Important Rivers ·         Ganges

·         Brahmaputra

·         Indus

·         Godavari

·         Mahanadi

·         Krishna

·         Kaveri

·         Luni

·         Narmada

·         Yamuna

·         Sutlej

·         Jhelum


Important Mountains ·         Himalaya

·         Eastern Ghats

·         Western Ghats

·         Karakoram

·         Aravalli

·         Satpura

Highest point ·         Kanchenjunga
Seas ·         Bay of Bengal

·         Arabian Sea

·         Indian Ocean

Major agricultural climates ·         Kharif

·         Rabi

·         Zaid

Major Cities ·         Mumbai

·         Kolkata

·         New Delhi

·         Bangalore

·         Chennai

·         Ahmadabad

·         Pune

·         Hyderabad

·         Surat

·         Indore

·         Jaipur

·         Kanpur

·         Lucknow

·         Vadodara

·         Kochi

Aspirants can check out the relevant links to prepare for the UPSC Civil Services Exam comprehensively-

Multiple Choice Question (MCQ)

Consider the Following Statements

  1. The Satpura range rises in Eastern Gujarat state running east through the border of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh to the east till Chhattisgarh. 
  2. Pachmarhi is a hill station in the Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh state of central India. It is also famous for Satpura Tiger Reserve, Satpura National Park,
  3. Karakoram Mountain Range begins in the Wakhan Corridor (Afghanistan) in the west and encompasses the majority of Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan) and extends into Ladakh (India) and the disputed Aksai Chin region controlled by China
  4.  The Siachen Glacier at 76 kilometres and the Biafo Glacier at 63 kilometres rank as the world’s second and third longest glaciers outside the polar regions.

Which of the following statements are true?

A) Only 2, 3, and 4 are true.

B) Only 1, 3, and 4 are true.

C) Only 1, 2, and 3 are true.

D) All the 4 statements are True.

Answer: D

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The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2022.

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