28 July 1921
Congress Boycotts Prince of Wales Visit
- On 28 July, 1921, the Indian National Congress decided to boycott the upcoming visit of the Prince of Wales (who would later become King Edward VIII) in November as part of the Non-Cooperation Movement.
This is an important event in the annals of modern Indian history for UPSC Exam. The Indian National Congress or INC was a major player in the Indian freedom struggle and so, its activities and events are also important for the IAS exam prelims and mains.
- The Non-Cooperation movement was an important part of India’s freedom struggle.
- This movement came about due to colonial oppression.
- The Non-Cooperation Movement was launched formally on 1 August, 1920, the day on which Bal Gangadhar Tilak passed away.
- The Congress gave a call to the people to:
- Surrender all titles and honorary offices and resign from nominated seats in local bodies
- Refuse to attend government of semi-government functions
- Withdraw slowly step by step, children from schools and colleges, aided or controlled by the government
- Boycott British courts by lawyers and litigants
- Refusal for recruitment for military and other services in Mesopotamia
- Boycott the elections to be held for councils as per the reforms of 1919, and
- Boycott of foreign goods.
- The year 1921-22 witnessed an unprecedented movement in the nation’s history, when there was a widespread unrest among students.
- A nationwide tour was taken up by Mahatma Gandhi and Ali Brothers of Khilafat movement, C R Das, Motilal Nehru, M.R Jayakar, Saifuddin Kitchlew, Vallabhbhai Patel, C. Rajagopalachari, T. Prakasam and Asaf Ali. Many left their legal practice and jumped in the full-fledged politics of the Congress. Thousands of students left government schools and colleges and joined the movement.
- The visit of the Prince of Wales in November 1921 was marked with demonstrations, hartals and political meetings marred by scenes of mob violence and police atrocities in Bombay.
- This also led to large-scale clashes in Mumbai, which disturbed Gandhi greatly, who postponed his plans for the Civil Disobedience Movement.
Also on this day
1946: Death of Sister Alphonsa, the first woman of Indian origin to be canonised by the Catholic Church. 2011: The first official 'World Hepatitis Day' was observed. 2016: Death of Mahasweta Devi, writer and social activist.
See previous ‘This Day in History’ here.