# 03 Aug 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

3 Aug 2020 CNA:-

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Scanner on institutions
2. Centre seeks 3 more months for CAA rules
EDUCATION
1. NEP being pushed through without consultation: Cong.
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
ECONOMY
1. Rebuild India’s confidence, revive the economy
EDUCATION
1. A policy with many a right intention
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. Pakistanis behind ‘Chinese’ info war on border stand-off
2. U.K. to issue coin to honour Gandhiji
3. IISER team maps evolutionary dispersal patterns
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions


2. Centre seeks 3 more months for CAA rules

Context:

• The Home Ministry has sought an extension of three months to frame the rules of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019.
• The Ministry informed a parliamentary committee on subordinate legislation about the delay, after the former wrote to it seeking the status of the CAA rules.

Details:

• The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 was passed in December 2019.
• As per the Manual on Parliamentary Work, “statutory rules, regulations and bylaws will be framed within a period of six months from the date on which the relevant statute came into force.”
• The manual states that in case the ministries/departments are not able to frame the rules within the prescribed period, “they should seek extension of time from the Committee on Subordinate Legislation stating reasons for such extension” which cannot be more than for a period of three months at a time.

1. NEP being pushed through without consultation: Cong.

Read more about Draft National Education Policy covered in  30th July 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis.

2. U.K. to issue coin to honour Gandhiji

What’s in News?

Britain is considering minting a coin to commemorate Mahatma Gandhi.

• Gandhiji’s birthday, October 2, is observed as the International Day of Non-Violence.
• As part of a global reassessment of history, colonialism and protests against racism in the U.S., some British institutions have begun re-examining their past.
• Many organisations have taken initiatives to make investments to help the Black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) communities and to support racial diversity.

3. IISER team maps evolutionary dispersal patterns

What’s in News?

Scientists at the Pune-based Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) carried out experiments to study the phenomenon of ‘density-dependent dispersal’ by observing around 29,000 fruit flies to see if evolution had modified their tendency to move towards or away from crowded regions.

Findings:

• While females had been dispersing more than the males initially, the males overtook females in movement after evolution.
• This finding is perhaps the first evidence for an evolutionary reversal in the dispersal of the two sexes.

Significance:

• The study of biological dispersal finds applications in epidemiology, conservation of biodiversity as well as control of agricultural pests.
• ‘Density-dependent dispersal’ is central to our understanding of which life forms occur where.
• Some species live in large groups while others are solitary.
• Similarly, movement occurs away from a crowd in some species and towards it in some others. This pattern is termed as ‘density-dependent dispersal’.
• The study highlights the need to frequently assess movement patterns of ecologically relevant species.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to Gautama Buddha:
1. He was born in Lumbini.
2. Gautama Buddha delivered his first Sermon at Sarnath.
3. He attained Mahaparinirvana at Bodh Gaya.
4. The first Buddhist Council was held in Kushinagar.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

1. 1, 2 and 3 only
2. 1 and 2 only
3. 1, 2, 3 and 4
4. 1, 2 and 4 only

Explanation:

• Gautama Buddha was born in Lumbini.
• He delivered his first Sermon at Sarnath.
• He attained enlightenment at Bodh Gaya and Mahaparinirvana at Kushinagar (Uttar Pradesh).
• The first Buddhist Council was held at Rajgir.
Q2. Who was the Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab when the Jallianwala Bagh
Massacre took place?
1. Michael O’Dwyer
2. Reginald Dyer
3. Louis William Dane
4. Edward Douglas Maclagan

Explanation:

• Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place on 13 April 1919 under the command of Col. Reginald Dyer.
• Michael O’Dwyer, was then, the Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab.
Q3. Consider the following statements with respect to the Government of India
Act 1919:
1. A bicameral legislature was set up at the Centre.
2. Dyarchy was introduced in the provinces.
3. It required that three of the six members of the Viceroy’s Executive Council were to be Indian.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

1. 1 and 2 only
2. 1 and 3 only
3. 1, 2 and 3
4. 1 only

Explanation:

All the statements are correct. Read more on the Government of India Act, 1919.

Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to Shyok River:
1. It originates in the Rimo Glacier.
2. Galwan River, Nubra River are its tributaries.
3. It is called the “River of Death”.

Which of the given statement/s is/are incorrect?

1. 1 only
2. 3 only
3. 2 and 3 only
4. None of the above

Explanation:

• Shyok River originates from Rimo Glacier, Karakoram Range and is called the “The River of Death”.
• Chang Chen Mo River, Galwan River, Nubra River and Saltoro River are the tributaries of Shyok River.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

1. The key to economic revival in India would be to improve confidence and sentiments in the entire economic ecosystem involving the people (consumers), entrepreneurs and the bankers, by using suitable fiscal and monetary policies. Comment. (15 marks, 250 words) (GS Paper 3/Economy)
2. Analyze the significant aspects as well as the lacunae in the recently approved National Education Policy of 2020. (15 marks, 250 words) (GS Paper 2/Education)