28 Sep 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Quote for the day Set 5 11

CNA 28 Sep 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
C. GS 3 Related
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
1. The NASA spacecraft-asteroid collision
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Permanent membership of the UNSC is another story
2. Energising India-Nepal ties, the hydropower way
F. Prelims Facts
1. Jaldoot Application
G. Tidbits
1.  Jobs grew in final quarter of last fiscal, manufacturing is largest 
contributor: survey
2. U.S. says relationships with India, Pakistan are distinct
3. Carl-Gustaf M4 may be produced in India, says Sweden’s SAAB
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

Nothing here for today!!!

G. Tidbits

1. Jobs grew in final quarter of last fiscal, manufacturing is largest contributor: survey

Rise in Jobs Jan Mar 2022

Image Source: The Hindu

  • As per the fourth round (January-March 2022) of the Quarterly Employment Survey (QES), which is a part of the All India Quarterly Establishment based Employment Survey (AQEES), the manufacturing sector continues to be the largest institutional employer in India by employing over 38.5% of the workers. 
    • The manufacturing sector was followed by the education sector (21.7%), IT/BPO sector (12%) and health sector (10.6%).
  • The participation of women workers has posted a marginal increase to 31.8% in the fourth quarter report as compared to 31.6% in the third quarter.
    • Women workers accounted for over 52% of the workforce in the health sector, ad in education, financial services and IT/ BPO sectors the numbers stood at 44%, 41% and 36%, respectively.
  • The survey has also noted that 86.4% of the workers were regular employees, 8.7% were contractual employees, casual employees (2.3%) and self-employed (2%).
  • The overall employment has also shown an increasing trend as the estimates of employment increased from 3.14 crore in the third quarter (September-December 2021) to 3.18 crore in the fourth quarter. 
  • The Labour Bureau has taken up AQEES with an aim to provide quarterly estimates about employment and related variables of establishments in both organised and unorganised segments of nine sectors namely manufacturing, construction, trade, transport, education, health, accommodation and restaurant, IT / BPO and financial services.
    • The total employment in these nine selected sectors was reported as 2.37 crore in the sixth economic census (2013-14).

2. U.S. says relationships with India, Pakistan are distinct

  • Replying to the Indian External Affairs Minister’s remarks criticising the US’s announcement of $450 million to Pakistan for “sustainment and related equipment” for its F-16 fighter jets, the US has said that “its relationship with India and Pakistan are not in relation to each other”.
  • The State Department Spokesperson of the US also said that the U.S. also does everything it can to see that the India-Pakistan relationship is as “constructive” as possible.
  • The US has also suggested Pakistan engage China on important issues of debt relief and restructuring so that Pakistan can recover quickly from the floods.
  • Despite having differences with respect to the developments in Afghanistan, both the US and Pakistan would work together to support the human rights of Afghans, especially women and girls.

3. Carl-Gustaf M4 may be produced in India, says Sweden’s SAAB

  • The defence major SAAB of Sweden announced its plans to manufacture its Carl-Gustaf M4 weapon system in India. The manufacturing would be done by a new fully SAAB-owned subsidiary named SAAB FFV India Pvt. Ltd.
    • This move will facilitate the transfer of technology to India. 
  • As the Indian Army has already placed an order for the M4 version, the company would first meet the requirements of the Indian forces, and later look at exporting the subsystems to Sweden from where they would go into the global supply chain.
    • The Indian Army has been using the iconic Carl-Gustaf since 1976 and currently operates the Mk2 and Mk3 versions.
  • The new facility will also be partnering with Indian sub-suppliers which is in line with India’s vision of “Make in India”.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with regards to the appointment of High 
Court judges in India: (Level – Medium)
  1. Article 217 of the Constitution states that the Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India (CJI), the Governor of the State.
  2. High Court judges are recommended by a Collegium comprising the CJI and two senior-most judges.
  3. The Government have, in consultation with the Chief Justice of India, decided as a matter of policy to appoint the Chief Justice of all High Courts from outside the respective state.

Choose the correct code:

  1. Only one of the given statements is correct.
  2. Only two of the given statements are correct.
  3. All the given statements are correct.
  4. None of the above statements is correct.
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, According to Article 217 of the Constitution, the Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India (CJI), the Governor of the State.
  • Statement 2 is correct, High Court judges are recommended by a Collegium comprising the CJI and two senior-most judges. 
    • The proposal, however, is initiated by the Chief Justice of the High Court of the state concerned.
  • Statement 3 is correct, The Government has, in consultation with the Chief Justice of India followed the policy of appointing the Chief Justice of High Courts from outside the respective States.
Q2. Consider the following statements with regards to Dadasaheb Phalke Award: 
(Level – Difficult)
  1. Dadasaheb Phalke Award was introduced by the government in 1969 and it was awarded for the first time to Devika Rani, “the first lady of Indian cinema”.
  2. Dadasaheb Phalke played the main lead in India’s first feature film Raja Harischandra.
  3. Actors Prithviraj Kapoor and Vinod Khanna are the only posthumous recipients of the award.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 3 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, Dadasaheb Phalke Award was introduced by the government in 1969 and it was awarded for the first time to Devika Rani, “the first lady of Indian cinema”.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, Dadasaheb Phalke, popularly known as “the father of Indian cinema”, was an Indian filmmaker who directed India’s first full-length feature film, Raja Harishchandra (1913).
  • Statement 3 is correct, Actors Prithviraj Kapoor and Vinod Khanna are the only posthumous recipients of the award.
Q3. Consider the following statements with regards to the forests in India: (Level – Medium)
  1. In India, entry into forests is governed by two laws — The Indian Forest Act, 1927, and the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  2. The Wildlife Protection Act empowers the Chief Wildlife Warden of a state to frame laws for tourists entering Protected Areas — sanctuaries and national parks.
  3. Night safari in wildlife sanctuaries is prohibited in India.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, In India, entry into forests is governed by two laws namely the Indian Forest Act, 1927, and the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. 
  • Statement 2 is correct, The Wildlife Protection Act empowers the Chief Wildlife Warden of a state to frame laws for tourists entering Protected Areas such as sanctuaries and national parks. 
    • Under the same Act, the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has the power to set rules for tiger reserves. 
  • Statement 3 is not correct, At present, there is no law in the country which prohibits night safaris in wildlife sanctuaries.
Q4. Consider the following statements: (Level – Easy)
  1. Warmer oceans make stronger storms.
  2. More than 90% of the excess heat from human-caused global warming over the past 50 years has been absorbed by the oceans.
  3. Higher surface temperatures allow hurricanes to reach higher levels of maximum sustained wind.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, Warmer oceans make stronger storms as the evaporation intensifies as temperatures increase and so does the transfer of heat from the oceans to the air.
  • Statement 2 is correct, Studies have found that the ocean has absorbed more than 90% of the excess heat from human-caused global warming between 1971 and 2010.
  • Statement 3 is correct, Higher surface temperatures allow hurricanes to reach higher levels of maximum sustained wind.
Q5. In a given year in India, official poverty lines are higher in some States than in 
others because (Level – Medium) PYQ (2019)
  1. Poverty rates vary from State to State
  2. Price levels vary from State to State
  3. Gross State Product varies from State to State
  4. Quality of public distribution varies from State to State
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • The poverty line depends upon the income profile of the population vis-à-vis the cost of the standard basket of consumption. 
  • Thus, it is a function of the cost of the consumption basket which varies from state to state. It is not related to GSDP or the quality of public distribution services.

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 28 Sep 2022:- Download PDF Here

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