Difference Between Country and Nation

The terms ‘Country’ and ‘Nation’ is often used interchangeably that they are thought of as different words having the same meaning. But there are major differences between the two.

A nation is a community of humans formed on the basis of a common language, territory, ethnicity.

A country may be an independent sovereign state or part of a larger state, a physical territory with a government, or a geographic region associated with sets of previously independent or differently associated people.

Difference Between Nation and Country

This article will highlight the major differences between Country and Nation within the context of the IAS Exam.                                                                                                                                                          

Differences between Nation and Country

Nation

Country

A nation is officially observed as a group of people who share the same cultural identity and links A country is a ‘state’ that applies to self-governing political identities
An example of this can be the Basque people living in Spain considers themselves a separate nation as they are ethnically different from the rest of the population. The Russian Federation is a country, with all the states within it abiding by the same laws of the same government. These states are smaller communities that all adhere to one federal government in the country
A nation can be an imagined society with the context being that any connections between the populace might be impersonal even if they subjectively feel a part of the embodied unity. A county can also be used to refer to other political entities while at other times it refers to only states.
The word nation came from the Old French word nacion which means “place of origin”. The word ‘Country’ is derived from the Old French word contrée’. The word is believed that have entered the English language during the Norman Invasions of England in the 11th Century
The word “nation” is sometimes used as a synonym for:

  • Sovereign state: a government which controls a specific territory, 
  • Country: A geographic territory, which may or may not have an affiliation with a government or ethnic group.
The term “country” can refer to a sovereign state. The degree of autonomy of non-sovereign countries varies widely. Some are possessions of sovereign states, such as French Polynesia.

While others consist of a union of smaller polities which are considered countries like the United Kingdom consisting of Englan, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

Nation and Country are recurring terms under the Geography and Polity segment of the IAS Exam. Aspirants can find study materials for the segments through the links given below

Difference Between Country and Nation – Download PDF Here

Become familiar with the general pattern of the IAS Exam by visiting the IAS Syllabus page. For more preparation materials they can refer to the links given in the table below:

 

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