Download the BYJU'S Exam Prep App for free IAS preparation videos & tests - Download the BYJU'S Exam Prep App for free IAS preparation videos & tests -

# 4 Dec 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 4 Dec 2022:-

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
GOVERNANCE
1. Telecom Imports
C. GS 3 Related
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
1. Benefits of reducing salt intake
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
ENVIRONMENT
1. Are rhino and elephant conservation efforts a success?
2. Protecting the Great Indian Bustard
3. Cheetahs and tigers: the saga of big cats in India
F. Prelims Facts
1. Electoral Bonds
G. Tidbits
2. Independent Ministry for Divyang
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions


G. Tidbits

• The State Investigation Agency (SIA), a special cell of the J&K Police, on Saturday continued with its crackdown on “networks of militant outfits” and searched multiple locations across Kashmir.
• The case is related to the members of Al-Badar, a militant organisation in Pakistan.
• Al Badr is an Islamic terrorist group operating in the Kashmir region. It was banned by India under The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 2004.
• It is also designated as a Foreign Terrorist Organization by the United States. The current Al Badr leadership is also opposed to the United States, Israel and the regime of Saudi Arabia.
• The group was allegedly formed by the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) in June 1998 with the goal of strengthening the Kashmiri freedom struggle and to liberate the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir and merge it with Pakistan.

2. Independent Ministry for Divyang

• On the occasion of the International Day of Persons with Disabilities, the Maharashtra government inaugurated the Ministry for Divyang (differently-abled) in Mumbai, to cater to people with special physical and mental needs educationally and professionally.
• International Day of Persons with Disabilities (IDPD) is observed every year on 3 December.
• The theme for this year is “Transformative solutions for inclusive development: the role of innovation in fueling an accessible and equitable world.”
• Maharashtra has become the first State to have an independent Ministry for disabled persons.
• The Ministry is envisaged for the welfare of the persons with disabilities and effective implementation of various government schemes for them.
• Earlier all complaints and issues related to the disabled persons were handled by the Social Justice department headed by the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. How many of the given statements is/are INCORRECT? (Level-Difficult)
1. The most abundant isotope of carbon in the atmosphere is carbon-14.
2. Carbon-14 is a radioactive isotope of carbon and is the basis for Carbon dating.
3. Radiocarbon dating provides most accurate results for objects older than 60,000 years.

Options:

1. One statement only
2. Two statements only
3. Three statements only
4. None of the above

Explanation:

• Statement 01 is incorrect: Carbon-12 isotope is the most abundant carbon isotope that makes up about 98.89% of all naturally occurring carbon. It is found in all biological systems.
• Statement 02 is correct: Carbon-14 is a radioactive isotope of carbon with an atomic nucleus containing 6 protons and 8 neutrons. Its presence in organic materials is the basis of the radiocarbon dating method.
• Statement 03 is incorrect: Because the half-life of carbon-14 is 5,700 years, it is only reliable for dating objects up to about 60,000 years old and not older than that.
Q2. How many among the following Musical instruments classify as Tata Vadya?
(Level-Difficult)
1. Tanpura
2. Kamaicha
3. Pillankarovi
4. Jhanj

Options:

1. One only
2. Two only
3. Three only
4. All four

Explanation:

• The Tata Vadya is a group of musical instruments in which sound is made by the vibration of a chord or a string.
• Pillankarovi (flute) is a family of classical music instruments in the woodwind group. Like all woodwinds, Pillankarovi are aerophones, meaning they make sound by vibrating a column of air.
• A Jhanj (cymbal) is a common percussion instrument. Often used in pairs, cymbals consist of thin, normally round plates of various alloys.
Q3. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? (Level-Medium)

Tribes                                                                 State

2. Bhutia and Lepcha                                                     Sikkim
3. Irula and Toda                                                            Chhattisgarh
4. Sahariya and Agariya                                                 Assam

Options:

1. 1 and 2 only
2. 2, 3 and 4 only
3. 2 and 4 only
4. 1 and 3 only

Explanation:

• Pair 01 is correctly matched, Gond and Korku tribes belong to the State of Madhya Pradesh.
• Pair 02 is correctly matched, Bhuta-Lepcha is an ethnic grouping consisting of people of the Bhutia and Lepcha communities in Sikkim.
• Pair 03 is incorrectly matched, Irula and Toda are the hill tribes of Nilgiri in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
• Pair 04 is incorrectly matched, Sahariya is an ethnic group of Madhya Pradesh .They are also found in some parts of Rajasthan.
• The Agariya are a community in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
Q4. How many of the following states/ UTs have a common State Animal? (Level-Medium)
1. Assam
2. Delhi
3. Karnataka
4. Jharkhand

Options:

1. All of the above
2. Two only
3. Three only
4. None of the above

Explanation:

• One horned rhinoceros is the state animal of Assam.
• The state animal of Delhi is Nilgai.
• Indian Elephant is the state animal of Karnataka and Jharkhand.
Q5. The term ‘M-STRIPES’ is sometimes seen in the news in the context of(PYQ-CSE-2017)
(Level-Medium)
1. Captive breeding of Wild Fauna
2. Maintenance of Tiger Reserves
3. Indigenous Satellite Navigation System
4. Security of National Highways