24 May 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

880560142 Apr28 Quote for the day Banner 1

CNA 24 May 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. India to join Biden’s new trade initiative for Indo-Pacific region
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. World may have lost 11.2 crore jobs: ILO
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY
1. Why vaccine mandates are essential
HEALTH
1. Meeting family planning goals
F. Prelims Facts
1. Centre reconstitutes Inter-State Council
G. Tidbits
1. The devastation in Dima Hasao and its after-effects
2. ASHA workers earn WHO’s global plaudits
3. A new billionaire every 30 hours during the pandemic
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

G. Tidbits

1. The devastation in Dima Hasao and its after-effects

  • The heavy rains in Dima Hasao, Assam and the consequent landslides have severely affected an important railway line passing through this district.
    • Dima Hasao straddles the Barail mountain range between the Brahmaputra and Barak River basins.
  • This railway link is of vital importance for both trade and travel.
    • Dima Hasao is the geographical link to a vast region comprising southern Assam’s Barak Valley, parts of Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura.
    • This railway track is also vital for India’s Look East policy that envisages shipping goods to and from Bangladesh’s Chittagong port via Tripura’s border points.

2. ASHA workers earn WHO’s global plaudits

  • ASHAs (accredited social health activists) were one of the six recipients of the WHO’s Global Health Leaders Award 2022.
  • ASHAs were introduced under the National Rural Health Mission, 2005 and constitute India’s frontline health workforce. The 10-lakh strong workforce act as a crucial link between the community and the health system.

3. A new billionaire every 30 hours during the pandemic

  • A new Oxfam brief, titled “Profiting from Pain” notes the wealth of billionaires in the world has risen amid the pandemic. The total wealth of the world’s billionaires is now equivalent to 13.9% of the global GDP, up from 4.4% in 2000.
  • Gender inequalities have also deepened as women were disproportionately pushed out of employment and have had to face the gender pay gap as well.
  • The report recommends tax measures to stop deepening income disparities and permanent wealth taxes.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Which of the following are the features of Karst topography? (Difficult)
  1. Ponor
  2. Cave in Section
  3. Sink Holes
  4. Uvalas

Options:

  1. 3 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 4 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • A landscape that is characterized by numerous caves, sinkholes, fissures, and underground streams, Karst topography usually forms in regions of plentiful rainfall where bedrock consists of carbonate-rich rock, such as limestone, gypsum, or dolomite, that is easily dissolved.
  • A ponor is a natural opening where surface water enters into underground passages; they may be found in karst landscapes.
  • Cave formation is prominent in areas where there are alternating beds of rocks (shales, sandstones, quartzites) with limestones or dolomites in between or in areas where limestones are dense, massive and occur as thick beds.
  • A sinkhole is a depression or hole in the ground caused by some form of collapse of the surface layer. These are depressions in the limestone/dolomitic region. A great variation is seen in the sizes of sinkholes with areas from a few sq. m to a hectare and with depths from less than half a metre to thirty metres or more.
  • Uvalas are types of enclosed topographic depressions and they are characteristic of karst regions on Earth.
Q2. Which of the given statements is/are correct? (Medium)
  1. Indian Gas Exchange (IGX) is India’s first automated national-level gas exchange for trading in natural gas in the country.
  2. The Exchange operates under the regulatory framework of the Energy Regulatory Commission.
  3. GAIL (India) Limited is the first Exploration and Production (E&P) company in India to trade domestic gas on IGX.

Options:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 1 only
  4. 2 and 3 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Indian Gas Exchange Ltd. (IGX) is India’s first automated national level Gas Exchange to promote and sustain an efficient and robust Gas market and foster gas trading in the country. The exchange features multiple buyers and sellers to trade in spot and forward contracts at designated physical hubs.
  • The Exchange operates under the regulatory framework of the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB).
  • Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) is the first gas producer company in India to trade domestic gas on IGX.
Q3.  Which of the given statements is/are incorrect? (Difficult)
  1. Vitamin D is essential for maintaining calcium homeostasis.
  2. In humans, vitamin D3 can be produced endogenously in the skin following ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation.
  3. Cancer, Parkinson’s disease and dementia are the diseases associated with Vitamin D deficiency.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 2 only
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Vitamin D plays an important role in calcium homeostasis and bone metabolism, with the capacity to modulate innate and adaptive immune function, cardiovascular function, and proliferation and differentiation of both normal and malignant keratinocytes.
  • Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) is synthesized in the skin by the reaction of 7-dehydrocholesterol with UVB radiation, present in sunlight with a UV index of three or more.
  • Cancer, Parkinson’s disease and dementia are the diseases associated with Vitamin D deficiency.
Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to the Investment Incentive Agreement 
recently signed between the Indian and the US Governments: (Medium)
  1. It is the first-ever Investment Incentive Agreement signed between India and the US.
  2. The agreement is a legal requirement for U.S. International Development Finance Corporation to continue providing investment support in India.

Which of the given statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • India and the United States recently signed an Investment Incentive Agreement (IIA) in Tokyo, Japan. This IIA supersedes the Investment Incentive Agreement signed between the two countries in the year 1997.
  • The agreement is the legal requirement for U.S. International Development Finance Corporation to continue providing investment support in India.
Q5. There is some concern regarding the nanoparticles of some chemical elements that are 
used by the industry in the manufacture of various products. Why? (UPSC-2014) (Medium)
  1. They can accumulate in the environment and contaminate water and soil.
  2. They can enter the food chains.
  3. They can trigger the production of free radicals.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • A nanoparticle is defined as a particle of matter that is between 1 and 100 nanometres (nm) in diameter.
  • Adverse impact:
    • They accumulate in the environment and contaminate water and soil.
    • They enter food chains.
    • They trigger the production of free radicals.
    • They can cross cell membranes and reach the blood and other organs as well.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. “The Indian Government has shown a new vigour in the last few years towards joining new trade agreements.” Discuss. (250 words; 15 marks) (GS III- Economics)
  2. The success of India’s family planning program depends on changing the male mindset and having them take more responsibility. Do you agree? Elaborate. (250 words; 15 marks) (GS I- Indian Society)

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 24 May 2022:- Download PDF Here

Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

*