The full form of the UPSC is Union Public Service Commission. It is the premier recruiting agency for the Government of India. It is responsible for recruiting candidates for the All India Services, Central Services and Cadres, as well as the Armed Forces of the Union of India. Some of the services for which the UPSC recruits candidates are the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Foreign Service, Indian Revenue Service, etc.
UPSC: Union Public Service Commission
The UPSC is mandated by the Indian Constitution to make appointments to the All India Services and Central Services Group A and B, as well as to develop and update testing methodologies for these recruitments with input from various departments. Apart from this, UPSC is also consulted on matters related to promotion and transfer of personnel as well as any disciplinary matters involving a civil servant serving in a civil capacity.
The headquarters of the commission is located in New Delhi. The contact details of the UPSC are as follows:
|Postal Address: UNION PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION, Dholpur House, Shahjahan Road, New Delhi – 110069|
|Facilitation Counter: 011-23098543/23385271/23381125/23098591|
The working hours of the Union Public Service Commission are from 10:00 AM till 5:00 PM on all central government working days.
Though the UPSC has functioning helplines for different examinations which are staffed whenever a particular application process is underway, candidates are advised not to contact them unless answers to their queries regarding the process are not available online.
The UPSC conducts the Civil Services Examination every year.
The UPSC CSE consists of three stages:
- Civil Services Preliminary Examination: Civil Service Prelims or the Preliminary Examination is the first level of examination. It comprises of two papers containing objective questions.
- a) GS Paper -1 comprises of 100 questions of 2 marks each. It must be noted that there is negative marking for wrong answers in both the papers. Each wrong answer would cost the candidate 1/3rd of the marks awarded for each question. Questions from Economy, Geography, Polity, History, Environment & Ecology and Science & Technology will be asked in this paper. The marks scored in this paper will be counted for preparing the list of candidates that would appear for the Civil Services Mains Examination.
- b) CSAT Paper or Paper -2 comprises of 80 questions from quantitative aptitude, logical reasoning, reading comprehension, etc. A candidate, in order to qualify in this paper, must score 33% of the marks i.e., 67 out of 200 marks. However, this is just a qualifying paper and the marks scored will not be counted while arriving at the list of candidates who would be allowed to take up the next level of examination.
- Civil Services Mains Examination: Mains Examination is the second level of Examination and consists of 9 papers with descriptive type questions, out of which 2 language papers are of qualifying nature. The marks scored by the candidate in the rest of the 7 papers i.e., Essay Paper, GS Paper-1, GS Paper-2, GS Paper-3, GS Paper-4, Optional Paper -1 and Optional Paper-2 will be taken for the purpose of determining whether or not the candidate will be summoned for the interview.
- Civil Services Personality Test: The Personality Test is the final level of examination. Only those candidates who have managed to qualify the mains examination surpassing the cut off determined by the UPSC will be summoned for the interview.
The UPSC then prepares the final merit list, cumulating the scores of the candidates in the mains examination and the personality test. The candidates are then allocated the services, based on their preferences, the merit list as well as the category of the candidate and the vacancies in each category.
UPSC 2019 related queries
- What is the salary of an IAS officer?
- Ans. An IAS officer gets about Rs 130000 per month when he joins service after completing training at LBSNAA, though the in hand figure varies from place to place and the nature of posting. The basic pay is about Rs. 56100 for new IAS officers. A chief Secretary gets a non variable salary of Rs 250000 per month.
- What is meant by MPSC and UPSC?
- Ans. UPSC is the short form of Union Public Service Commission which recruits candidates at the national level as officers for All India and Central Services in Grades A and B. MPSC is the short form for Maharashtra Public Service Commission which recruits candidates at the state level as officers for Maharashtra State Services in Grades A and B.
- What are the different UPSC exams?
- Ans. UPSC conducts exams for recruitment into Central and All India Services as well as Defence Services at the Officer levels A and B. A few of the exams conducted by UPSC are:
- Civil Services Exam
- Combined Defence Services Exam
- National Defence Academy Exam
- Engineering Services Exam.
- Indian Economic Services and Statistical Services Exam.
- Do IAS officers get paid during training?
- Ans. IAS officers get paid during training according to the 7th CPC recommendations on Special Pay Advance. An IAS officer is entitled to Rs 45000 per month as stipend at LBSNAA of which Rs 38500 is the in hand component. Rs 10000 is deducted for food, residential facilities and transport.
- What is the highest post of IAS?
- Ans. An IAS officer can aspire to be a Chief Secretary of a State when they are posted in a state cadre while central cadre IAS officers can aspire to be a Chief Secretary to the Government of India. Chief Secretary to the Government of India are also selected from among Chief Secretary of State Governments depending on performance.
- When should we start preparing for UPSC 2019?
- Ans. UPSC 2019 aspirants should start revision now as the examination is a few months away. Depending on previous preparation levels, aspirants can appear for mock tests and subscribe to a test series to quickly identify areas to work on and get success in UPSC 2019.
- Will UPSC reduce age limit?
- Ans. As of now, there is no announcement by the UPSC about reduction in age limit for UPSC exam. However, the NITI Aayog has recommended gradual reduction in age limit by 6 years to offset personnel costs over time and also insulate candidates who are currently preparing for IAS.
- What is the age limit for IAS?
- Ans. The basic age limit for IAS is between 21 years and 32 years old though candidates from weaker sections of society and those who have served in the military can claim exemptions up to 42 years of age depending on the category or categories under which they claim exemptions.
- What is the first post of IAS officer?
- Ans. IAS officers who have joined fresh from LBSNAA are posted as Sub Divisional Magistrate(SDM) at the district level. An SDM is the administrative head of a Sub Division or tehsil according to the cadre they have been assigned to.
- How long is the IAS training?
- Ans. IAS Training currently lasts for 75 weeks including the duration spent at LBSNAA and central government attachments. However, there are proposals to reduce the duration of training in view of the current shortage of IAS officers in the country.
You can get more information on the UPSC and Civil Services Examination from the following Links: