Bankim Chandra Chatterjee or Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was a nationalist author from West Bengal. He was born on 27 June 1838 in Naihati, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day West Bengal, India). Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was a poet, journalist, and novelist. In Bengali, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay is known as the Emperor of Literature (Sahitya Samrat).
This article will provide information about Bankim Chandra Chatterjee [1838-1894] in the context of the IAS Exam.
This article is useful for the history (GS I) segment of the UPSC Syllabus.
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Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay – Image of Bharat Mata
- An image or a figure is usually used to symbolise the identity of a nation.
- People find it helpful to identify the nation with an image.
- The image of Bharat Mata came to be visually associated with the identity of India, this happened due to the rise of nationalism in the twentieth century.
- The first image of Bharat Mata was created by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay – Vande Mataram, Anandmath
- As a hymn to the motherland, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote ‘Vande Mataram’ in the 1870s.
- During the Swadeshi Movement in Bengal, Vande Mataram was widely sung by the people.
- Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay added the Vande Mataram song to his novel Anandmath.
- The novel – Anandmath was written in 1882 by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.
- Anandmath inspired strong political movements because of the nation that was imagined in the novel.
- Many freedom fighters were inspired by Anandmath.
- It was a novel about a militia trying to establish a kingdom.
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay – Other Important Influence & Inspirations
- The organisation Anushilan Samiti was influenced by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.
- Bankim’s cultural and martial nationalism, focus on spartan life and hard work influenced Anushilan Samiti. The name of the organization – Anushilan, was derived from this philosophy of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.
- Anushilan Samiti was an Indian organisation in the first quarter of the 20th century that supported revolutionary violence as the means for ending British rule in India.
- Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay’s reinterpretation of Bhagavad Gita had strongly influenced nationalism.
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Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay – Most Notable Literary Works
Some of the most notable works of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay are
- Devi Chaudhurani
- Ananda Math
- It is considered one of the most important novels in the history of Indian and Bengali literature.
- It is inspired by and set in the background of the Sannyasi Rebellion in the late 18th century.
- It is a Bengali fiction published in 1882.
- It is a Bengali romance novel written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay and published in 1865.
- In the history of Bengali literature, this is the first major Bengali novel.
- It is also the first Bengali novel written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.
- It is a Bengali Romance Novel published by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in 1866.
- It is a Bengali novel written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee and published in 1884.
- This novel was banned by the British as it fuelled the patriotic struggle for Indian independence from the British Empire.
- Armed face-to-face conflict with the Royal Army is the only way to win independence was the belief reinforced in this novel.
- After independence, the Indian Government removed the ban on this book.
- This novel written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was published in 1873.
- This novel deals with the topic of widow remarriage.