Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay - Important figure in Literary Renaissance of Bengal

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee or Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was a nationalist author from West Bengal. He was born on 27 June 1838 in Naihati, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day West Bengal, India). Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was a poet, journalist, and novelist. In Bengali, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay is known as the Emperor of Literature (Sahitya Samrat).

This article will provide information about Bankim Chandra Chatterjee [1838-1894] in the context of the IAS Exam.

This article is useful for the history (GS I) segment of the UPSC Syllabus.

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Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay – Image of Bharat Mata

  • An image or a figure is usually used to symbolise the identity of a nation.
  • People find it helpful to identify the nation with an image.
  • The image of Bharat Mata came to be visually associated with the identity of India, this happened due to the rise of nationalism in the twentieth century.
  • The first image of Bharat Mata was created by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay – Vande Mataram, Anandmath

  • As a hymn to the motherland, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote ‘Vande Mataram’ in the 1870s.
  • During the Swadeshi Movement in Bengal, Vande Mataram was widely sung by the people.
  • Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay added the Vande Mataram song to his novel Anandmath.
  • The novel – Anandmath was written in 1882 by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.
  • Anandmath inspired strong political movements because of the nation that was imagined in the novel.
  • Many freedom fighters were inspired by Anandmath.
  • It was a novel about a militia trying to establish a kingdom.

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay – Other Important Influence & Inspirations

  • The organisation Anushilan Samiti was influenced by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.
  • Bankim’s cultural and martial nationalism, focus on spartan life and hard work influenced Anushilan Samiti. The name of the organization – Anushilan, was derived from this philosophy of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.
  • Anushilan Samiti was an Indian organisation in the first quarter of the 20th century that supported revolutionary violence as the means for ending British rule in India.
  • Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay’s reinterpretation of Bhagavad Gita had strongly influenced nationalism.
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Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay – Most Notable Literary Works

Some of the most notable works of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay are

  • Durgeshnandini
  • Kapalkundala
  • Devi Chaudhurani
  • Ananda Math
  • Bishabriksha


  • It is considered one of the most important novels in the history of Indian and Bengali literature.
  • It is inspired by and set in the background of the Sannyasi Rebellion in the late 18th century.
  • It is a Bengali fiction published in 1882.


  • It is a Bengali romance novel written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay and published in 1865.
  • In the history of Bengali literature, this is the first major Bengali novel.
  • It is also the first Bengali novel written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.


  • It is a Bengali Romance Novel published by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in 1866.

Devi Chaudhurani

  • It is a Bengali novel written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee and published in 1884.
  • This novel was banned by the British as it fuelled the patriotic struggle for Indian independence from the British Empire.
  • Armed face-to-face conflict with the Royal Army is the only way to win independence was the belief reinforced in this novel.
  • After independence, the Indian Government removed the ban on this book.


  • This novel written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was published in 1873.
  • This novel deals with the topic of widow remarriage.

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay [UPSC Notes]:-Download PDF Here

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