Disaster Risk Index: Notes for UPSC

Disaster may be defined as a catastrophic situation in which the normal patterns of life have been disrupted and extraordinary emergency interventions are required to save and preserve human lives and the environment.

This topic is relevant for all IAS exam aspirants.

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What is a Disaster Risk Index?

The Disaster Risk Index (DRI) is aimed at assessing the average risk of death per country in large and medium-scale disasters associated with earthquakes, tropical cyclones, and floods.

How many states in India are prone to disaster?

Out of 36 states and union territories in the country, 27 of them are prone to disasters such as to floods, droughts, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides, avalanches and forest fires.

What are the levels of assessment in the Disaster Risk Index?

The levels of assessments in the Disaster Risk Index are:

  1. Hazards
  2. Vulnerability
  3. Hazard-specific vulnerability
  4. Hazard and vulnerability Exposure
  5. Capacity
  6. Risk

To know more in detail about Disaster Management in India, visit the linked article.

Does India has its own Disaster Risk Index?

Yes, India has its own Disaster Risk called the National Disaster Risk Index. The National Disaster Risk Index would map hazards and vulnerabilities including economic vulnerabilities across 640 districts and all states including UTs.

The index is in line with India’s commitment to the Sendai Framework, where it has to substantially bring down disaster losses in terms of lives and properties

What are the major stages of disaster management?

The stages of disaster management are:

  1. Prevention
  2. Mitigation
  3. Preparedness
  4. Response
  5. Recovery
  6. Rehabilitation

What are the types of disasters as per disaster management?

There are 2 broad classifications of disaster – Natural & Man-made

Natural – Cyclone, Earthquake, Hurricane, Avalanche

Man-Made- Oil spills, Accidents, Fire, Hazardous chemical leakage, Nuclear and radiation accidents

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