Farm Forestry means growing trees on farmlands for commercial purposes like timber production or for variety of non-commercial purposes like groundwater control, prevention of soil erosion, prevention of polluting nutrients in the soil etc. Some of the positive outcomes of farm forestry are given below.
- Production of quality timber products.
- Increase in farm incomes.
- Support community development
- Increase in employment.
- Environmental benefits.
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How did Forests get converted into Farmlands?
In the 1980s and 90s, there was a massive increase in agricultural land, which was majorly carved out of tropical forests. Roughly 80% of the global agricultural expansion happed by cutting tropical forests. More than half a million square miles of new farmland was created in developing countries between 1980 and 2000. This massive increase was fuelled by a rapidly growing population which resulted in increased demand for agricultural output. Researchers found that deforestation was predominantly carried out by corporate-run farms.
What are the Different Types of Agro-Forestry?
Agroforestry is a term used to describe a system where through some kind of spacial arrangement or temporal sequence trees, shrubs etc are grown in the same land management units such as agricultural crops and animals. There are 3 main types of agroforestry systems:
- Agrisilvicultural system – it is a combination of crops and trees.
- Silvopastoral system – it is a combination of domesticated animals and forestry.
- Agrosylvopastoral system – it is a combination of trees, animals and crops.
What are the Advantages of Social Forestry?
- Helps in covering barren lands
- Provides raw materials for the pulp industry
- Increases forest cover and restores ecological balance.
- Controls pollution
- Helps in employment generation.
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