UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Smart Agriculture Conclave
Smart Agriculture Conclave was held by the department of Biotechnology in partnership with the research organizations in order to set the stage for Farmer Zone to cater to the needs of the farmer. The conclave engaged the national and international experts in science, policy, industry and farming to build consensus on co-designing and developing Farmer Zone as a Smart Agriculture platform for smallholder farmers in India. The conclave also focused on strengthening Indo-UK ties on research to reach food security and achieve prosperity for smallholder farmers.
- With the help of smart agriculture conclave, a road-map was created for setting up of a cloud service called “Farmer Zone”.
- Farmer Zone will be a multi-purpose window providing solutions to farmers including weather forecasts, predictions on soil, water, information on climate change, seed requirements to market linkages etc.
- “Farmer Zone” would comprise of processed data, which would help in bringing out relevant and useful information for farmers. It would also include smallholder farmers as stake holders in data revolution.
- This move would help in providing assistance in ensuring nutrition of the expanding population. It also fulfills the need for accurate data to mitigate risks arising due to climate change and adopt Climate Smart Agriculture.
- The information is accessible world-wide. The services can directly be accessed by farmers or through the intermediaries.
- “Market Zone” is a component of “Farmer Zone” which allows the farmers to sell their produce directly. It also includes an option of picking up the produce directly from the farms.
- The technological gap in acquisition of data and transfer from farm to cloud and vice versa can be reduced.
- It would connect various stakeholders and experts such as farmers, government officials, scientists, economists, e-commerce companies and the companies working on big data analytics in the global arena. Which would, in turn, ensure Public Private Partnership (PPP) based service mechanism be established and localized technology solutions be developed.
The agriculture in India is highly dependent on the monsoons, which is one of the significant reasons for fluctuations in the growth in this sector. The Smart Agriculture Conclave with the international partnership is a step towards technological and scientific integration in the field of agriculture. It is also in line with the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 which talks about achieving food security, improved nutrition and promoting sustainable agriculture.