What is Diabetes Type 2?

Diabetes is a chronic medical condition where there is uncontrolled build up of sugar or glucose levels in the bloodstream. In a normal healthy body, the hormone insulin helps in the movement of glucose from blood into cells, where it gets utilized for producing energy required for the body. In Type 2 Diabetes, the body’s cells are not able to respond to insulin and in later stages the body would not be able to produce insulin. All these will lead to high blood glucose levels leading to serious complications.

Aspirants would find this topic very helpful in the IAS Exam.

Can Diabetes Type 2 be Cured?

There is no cure for Type 2 Diabetes but it certainly can be kept under control. It can be kept under control through weight loss and diet changes. It’s possible for some people to go years controlling their glucose levels. Several studies have shown a very low calorie diet have played a role in keeping diabetes under control.

What is the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

Majority of the people get affected with Type 2 Diabetes. As per some studies only 10% of the people with diabetes are of type 1. In Type 1 diabetes, pancreas cannot create insulin whereas in type 2 diabetes the body is unable to make enough insulin or the insulin may not work properly. Type 1 diabetes is kept under control by taking insulin but type 2 can be managed through various other measures.

Can Eating Too Much Sugar Cause Diabetes?

As per research conducted by doctors, sugar consumption alone does not trigger diabetes. There are a range of factors and the research is still ongoing. However, eating too much sugar can cause weight gain, and obesity is one of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Once a person has diabetes then having excessive sugar intake can worsen the symptoms as the body will not be able to regulate the sugar levels. Hence sugar intake must be controlled once a person has diabetes. 

 

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2020.

 

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