India’s Environment Ministry has notified rules targeting the wide range of groups like hotels, residential colonies, bulk producers of consumer goods, ports, railway stations, airports and pilgrimage spots. This is to ensure that the solid waste generated in their facilities are treated and recycled.
- Local bodies with a population of one lakh or above were supposed to establish solid waste processing facilities within two years,
- Census towns below a lakh would be given three years to establish solid waste processing facilities
- Old and discarded dump sites would have to be shut-down or bio-remedied within five years.
- The rules on solid waste management have been amended after 16 years.
- Garbage management is the responsibility of municipal bodies, they would have rights to charge user fees and levy spot fines for littering and non-segregation.
- A transition period of two to five years would be in place beyond which fines would be imposed as per the country’s Environment Minister.
Central Pollution Control Board Report
- Municipal authorities until 2013-14, have so far established only 553 compost and vermin-compost plants, 56 bio-methanation plants, 22 refuse-derived fuel plants and 12 waste-to-energy plants.
- By 2031, municipal solid waste is supposed to rise to 165 million tonnes and, if unprocessed, would require 1240 hectares of land for disposal.
Approximately 62 million tonnes of waste are generated annually in India, of which only 11.9 million are treated and around half 31 million is dumped in landfill sites.