06 Jul 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Quote for the day Set 5 11

CNA 06 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. The status of China’s Belt and Road Initiative in South Asia
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. The relentless march of FPIs to the exit gate
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY
1. Handcuffing, a judicial tap, and the long arm of the law
HEALTH
1. The Way to Control Tuberculosis
ECONOMY
1. The matter of import
F. Prelims Facts
1. Navy eyes govt. route to buy carrier-based jets
2. Woman mathematician from Ukraine wins Fields Medal
G. Tidbits
1. Centre to soften punitive steps in environment cases
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

2. Woman mathematician from Ukraine wins Fields Medal

Syllabus: Current events of national and international importance

Prelims: Fields Medal

Fields Medal:

  • The Fields Medal often described the Nobel Prize in mathematics, is a prize awarded to mathematicians under 40 years of age at the International Congress of the International Mathematical Union.
  • The International Mathematical Union is an international non-governmental and non-profit scientific organisation.

Context:

  • Ukrainian mathematician Maryna Viazovska has been named as one of four recipients of the 2022 Fields Medal.

G. Tidbits

1. Centre to soften punitive steps in environment cases

  • The Union Environment Ministry proposes to soften the provisions of the Environment Protection Act (EPA) by replacing a clause that provides for imprisoning violators with one that only requires them to pay a fine in case of violations that do not cause grave injury or loss of life.
    • Funds collected as penalties would be accrued in an “Environmental Protection Fund”.
  • This is aimed at decriminalizing existing provisions of the EPA to remove any fear of imprisonment for simple violations.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with regards to Section 69(A) of the IT Act:
  1. It allows the Centre to issue blocking orders to social media intermediaries “in the interest of sovereignty and integrity of India, defence of India, security of the state….”
  2. Blocking orders issued under the Act are usually confidential in nature.
  3. Any such request for blocking access must be based on reasons given in writing.

Choose the correct code: [Level – Easy]

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Section 69(A) of the IT Act allows the government to issue blocking orders to social media intermediaries “in the interest of sovereignty and integrity of India, defence of India, security of the state….” Such a request must be based on reasons given in writing.
  • Blocking orders issued under the Act are usually confidential in nature.
Q2. ‘Karakalpakstan’, recently in the news is a place in: [Level - Difficult]
  1. Turkmenistan
  2. Uzbekistan
  3. Tajikistan
  4. Kazakhstan
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Karakalpakstan is an autonomous republic within Uzbekistan. It occupies the whole northwestern part of Uzbekistan. The capital is Nukus.

Context:

  • At least 18 people were killed in the Uzbek region of Karakalpakstan when protests erupted last week over plans to limit its autonomy.
Q3. Consider the following statements with regards to the State Ranking Index for 
NFSA report:
  1. Odisha was given the highest ranking in the recently released first-ever edition of the index.
  2. The report was prepared by the Department of Food and Public Distribution.
  3. The ranking parameters include a focus on nutrition initiatives, coverage of NFSA, targeting, etc.

Choose the correct code: [Level – Easy]

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Union Food Minister Piyush Goyal released the first State Ranking Index for implementation of the National Food Security Act, 2013. Among the 20 big states and Union Territories (UTs), Odisha topped the list while Goa came last. Tripura ranked first and Ladakh came last among the 14 smaller states and UTs.
  • The State Ranking Index for NFSA report was prepared by the Department of Food and Public Distribution.
  • The states and UTs were ranked based on three parameters for 2022. The first measures “coverage of NFSA, rightful targeting, and implementation of all provisions under NFSA” while the second “analyzes the delivery platform while considering the allocation of foodgrains, their movement, and last-mile delivery to Fair Price Shops (FPS)”. The third “focuses on nutrition initiatives of the department”.
Q4. Consider the following statements with regards to the Fields Medal:
  1. The Fields Medal is awarded by the International Mathematical Union (IMU), an international non-governmental and non-profit scientific organisation that aims to promote international cooperation in mathematics.
  2. The Fields Medal is awarded every four years to one or more mathematicians under the age of 40 in recognition of “outstanding mathematical achievement for existing work and for the promise of future achievement”.
  3. No woman has ever won this medal.

Choose the correct code: [Level – Medium]

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • The Fields Medal often described as the Nobel Prize in mathematics, is a prize awarded to mathematicians under 40 years of age at the International Congress of the International Mathematical Union.
  • The International Mathematical Union is an international non-governmental and non-profit scientific organisation.

Context:

  • Ukrainian mathematician Maryna Viazovska has been named as one of four recipients of the 2022 Fields Medal.
Q5. With reference to ‘palm oil’, consider the following statements:
  1. The palm oil tree is native to Southeast Asia.
  2. Palm oil is a raw material for some industries producing lipstick and perfumes.
  3. Palm oil can be used to produce biodiesel.

Which of the statements given above are correct? [Level – Medium]

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Palm oil is derived from the oil palm tree, which is native to West Africa and grows best in tropical climates with abundant water. It was imported into SE Asia in the mid-19th century. Oil palm flourishes in the humid tropics and produces high yield when grown 10 degrees north and south of the equator. So, statement (1) is not correct.
  • Palm Sludge Oil (PSO) is the floating residual oil that separates during the initial stage of POME discharge to the pond. The PSO is currently being categorised under sludge oil as it exhibits high Free Fatty Acids (FFA) and very low Deterioration of Bleachability Index (DOBI) values. Due to the inferior quality of PSO, this residual oil cannot be used directly as food source but normally being used for low-grade laundry soap formulation to substitute palm fatty acids distillate.
  • Conventionally, Volatile short chain fatty Acid (VSCFA) has been widely used as raw material in the fragrant industry for the production of perfume via esterification process. So, statement (2) is correct.
  • If refined, the PSO can be applied directly as boiler fuel, raw material for biodiesel production So, statement (3) is correct. Therefore, the correct answer is (b).

CNA 06 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

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