Anthropology and Public Administration are diverse disciplines and have different needs, hence there is nothing to compare between both.
Anthropology: It has been observed that Anthropology is one of the steady performers and has shown steady results with good success-rate. If you have studied biology with interest in your earlier days, you can grasp the concepts of Anthropology easily. Though the syllabus looks huge, it has some predictable questions from the topic that will make the Anthropology syllabus concise and easy and furthermore the questions being asked in the UPSC exam are straightforward. It is also recommended to look at the syllabus and study few chapters from the books mentioned below.
Recommended Anthropology Book Lists: 1. An Introduction to Social Anthropology by Mazumdar & Madan 2. Physical Anthropology by B M Das 3. Anthropological Thoughts by Upadhyay & Pandey 4. NCERT Books (XI & XII) Indian Society and Social Changes 5. Anthropology by Ember & Ember 6. Indian Tribes by R C Verma 7. Human Biology by Harrison Et. al 8. In search of Ourselves by N K Vaid 9. Who Cares for Tribal Development by N K Vaid 10. Modernization of Indian Traditions by Yogendra Singh 11. Other Cultures by John Beattie 12. Social Change in Modern India by M N Srinivas 13. An Outline of Indian Pre-history by D K Bhattacharya 14. Tribal India By Nadeem Hussnain 15. Indian Anthropology by Nadeem Hussnain
Public Administration: Public Administration is in the list of most preferred optional subject and it is also considered as an interesting and good subject to opt. From Civil Service Exam point of view, this subject has become the most popular as optional paper as it is highly dynamic in nature and is comprehended. Of course, it is closest subject to the job in question. The subject has ruled the UPSC arena for many decades and in recent years it seems like it’s losing its sheen.
Recommended Book Lists for Public Administration: 1. New Horizons in Public Administration by Mohit Bhattacharya 2. Public Administration in Theory and Practice by Dr. M P Sharma and Dr B L Sadana 3. Administrative Thinkers by R Prasad, V S Prasad and P Satyanarayana 4. ARC Reports 5. IIPA Notes 6. IGNOU Notes 7. Indian Public Administration Institutions and Issues by Ramesh K Arora & Rajni Goyal 8. Management of Organizational Behaviours by Paul Hersey 9. Administrative Reforms in India by S R Maheshwari However, it is highly recommended to choose a subject which you feel you are good at, also read few chapters from the books to see which among these two interests and you can also compare the success-rate of these optional subjects then choose the one that is right for you. Byju’s also provides the most adaptive and effective learning materials and helps you in choosing the right subject.