UPSC Exam: A Glimpse at All Inter-State Water Disputes Tribunal

UPSC Exam: A Glimpse at All Inter-State Water Disputes Tribunal

India is a  diverse country where many rivers connect two or more states and this leads to the problem of Inter-State disputes. Nearly, most of the major rivers of the country are Inter-State Rivers and their waters are shared by two or more than two states.   Recently, the Supreme Court gave a verdict about Cauvery Water releasing where it asked Karnataka Government to “live and let live”. The court directed Karnataka to release 15,000 cusecs (cubic feet per second) i.e., 13.6 tmcft (thousand million cubic feet) for ten days to Tamil Nadu that was the cause of the dispute between two states.

Questions can be asked in the IAS exam prelims and mains concerning the inter-state water disputes. So, aspirants should be up-to-date with the inter-state water disputes tribunal.

Inter-State River Water Disputes UPSC

Following Inter-State River Water Disputes are worth knowing in UPSC Exam perspective:

Inter-State River  Disputes

States Involved

Cauvery Water Dispute

Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala

The Krishna Water Dispute

Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh

Tungabhadra Water Dispute

Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka

The Aliyar And Bhivani River Water Dispute

Tamil Nadu and Kerala

The Godavari River Water Dispute

Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Karnataka

The Narmada Water Dispute

Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan

The Mahi River Dispute

Gujarat, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh

The Ravi And Beas River Water Dispute

Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jammu and Kashmir and Delhi

The Satluj-Yamuna Link Canal Dispute

Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan

The Yamuna River Water Dispute

Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Delhi

The Karmanasa River Water Dispute

Uttar Pradesh and Bihar

The Barak River Water Dispute

Assam and Manipur

The interstate river water disputes are settled through the appointment of water dispute tribunals.   Below is a list of all Inter-State Water Disputes Tribunal:

Sl. No.

Name

Inter-State River Disputes

States Involved

Current Status

1

2010

Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal

Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra

Report and Decision not given by the Tribunal

2

2010

Vansadhara Water Disputes Tribunal

Odisha and Andhra Pradesh

Report and decision not given by the Tribunal

3

2004

Second Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal

Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh

Report and decision given on 30.12.2010

4

1990

Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal

Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry

Report and decision given on 5.2.2007

5

1986

Ravi and Beas Water Disputes Tribunal

Punjab and Haryana

Report and decision given in April, 1987

6

1969

Narmada Water Disputes Tribunal

Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra

Award given on December, 1979

7

1969

Godavari Water Disputes Tribunal

Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa

Award given on May, 1976

8

1969

Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal

Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh

Award given on July, 1980

According to the available information in central water commission publication, “Agreements on Inter-State Rivers of Legal Instruments on Rivers in India”, nearly 114 Inter-State Agreements have reached until now.

Interstate water dispute

Also read: