Affirmative Action: Notes for UPSC Polity

Affirmative action refers to a set of policies and practices within a government or organization seeking to increase the representation of particular groups based on their gender, race, sexuality, creed or nationality in areas in which they are underrepresented such as education and employment

Aspirant can learn about the structure and other important details of IAS Exam in the linked article.

Aspirants should begin their preparation by solving UPSC Previous Year Question Papers now!!

To complement your preparation for the upcoming exam, check the following links:

What is the nature of Affirmative Action?

The nature of affirmative action policies varies from region to region and exists on a spectrum from a hard quota to merely targeting encouragement for increased participation. Some countries use a quota system, whereby a certain percentage of government jobs, political positions, and school vacancies must be reserved for members of a certain group; an example of this is the reservation system in India.

Historically and internationally, support for affirmative action has sought to achieve goals such as bridging inequalities in employment and pay, increasing access to education, promoting diversity, and redressing apparent past wrongs, harms, or hindrances.

How is Affirmative Action Categorized in India

Affirmative actions in India can be categorized into 3 main dimensions, which are given below.

  1. Appointment and promotion in government services.
  2. Reservations in public education institutions.
  3. Reservation of seats in Central and State legislatures.

Who Does Affirmative Action apply to? 

Affirmative action refers to the set of policies of the Governments to support members of disadvantaged groups that have historically faced discrimination in the areas of education, employment, housing and respect in the society. The main goals of affirmative action are to bridge inequalities in access to education, employment, equal pay, better standards of living. 

For more UPSC Polity notes, visit the linked article.

What is an Example of Affirmative Actions?

In the Government-run education institutions, the Indian government provides reservations for SC, ST and OBC students. To give them better political representation, constituencies are reserved for SC and ST’s in proportion to their population. Reservation is provided in Public Sector Undertakings (PSU’s), civil services, statutory bodies. Reservation is not provided in defence and judiciary.

What are the Implementation Issues of Affirmative Actions?

  1. Quality of representation in legislature – Studies has indicated lower participation in the legislative proceedings.
  2. Data on justice-related matters showed that they were facing discrimination.
  3. There is no time limit on reservation policies.

Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Civil Service Exam by visiting the IAS Syllabus page.

For more UPSC related preparation materials and articles, visit the links given in the table below:

Relevant Links

IAS Salary Static GK
Social Issues in India – An Overview Women Empowerment – List of Major Women Empowerment Schemes
Social Welfare – Schemes to Empower Vulnerable Community Mandal Commission – Recommendations, Impact
Reservation in India – Laws in India dealing with Reservation Reservation Demands – Discussion in Rajya Sabha TV (RSTV) – The Big Picture
Economically Weaker Section (EWS) – Reservation Will Reservation in Private Sector Stem Naxalism – Rajya Sabha TV (RSTV) Discussion – The Big Picture
Inclusive Development Index (IDI) – To Measure Economic Development  Government Schemes in India – Complete List
Ayushman Bharat – Government Scheme Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana
Difference between Public Distribution System (PDS) and Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana

UPSC 2023


Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published.