30 Sep 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

30 Sep 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Why are Azerbaijan and Armenia fighting again?
2. Malabar exercise: meeting to discuss Australia's entry
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. Cairn seeks $1.4 bn from Centre due to losses from tax demand
2. 'Credit demand from priority sectors drops'
3. 'There will be competition to give better terms and prices to farmers'
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
SOCIAL JUSTICE
1. Going beyond the 'Me Too' movement
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Managing the global commons
GOVERNANCE
1. A demarcation in the interest of public order
ECONOMY
1. The perils of state overreach
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. Afghan negotiator urges new era in ties with Pak
2. India, Denmark in strategic green alliance
3. EU raises concerns over action against Amnesty
4. Maharashtra modifies Forest Rights Act
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. Malabar exercise: meeting to discuss Australia’s entry

Context:

India will discuss its decision on whether to allow Australia into the Malabar trilateral exercise in the upcoming Quad Foreign Ministers meeting in Tokyo.

This topic has been comprehensively covered in the 20th July 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis.

2. ‘Credit demand from priority sectors drops’

Context:

  • Despite efforts by the government to boost credit supply by offering many a scheme to MSMEs and other priority sectors, the credit demand from priority sectors has dropped to a low 1.9% in the June quarter from 10.2% in 2019-2020.
  • The government had offered a credit-driven boost to the economy to help small businesses tide over the impact of the pandemic.

What is Priority Sector Lending?

  • Priority Sectors are those sectors that the Government of India and the Reserve Bank of India consider as important for the development of the basic needs of the country and are to be given priority over other sectors.
  • The RBI mandates banks to lend a certain portion of their funds to specified sectors, like agriculture, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), export credit, education, housing, social infrastructure, renewable energy among others. This is known as Priority Sector Lending.
  • This is to ensure that adequate institutional credit reaches some of the vulnerable sectors of the economy, which otherwise may not be attractive for banks from the profitability point of view.

Priority Sector Lending Certificates (PSLCs):

  • Priority Sector Lending Certificates (PSLCs) are a mechanism to enable banks to achieve the priority sector lending target and sub-targets by the purchase of these instruments in the event of a shortfall. This also incentivizes surplus banks as it allows them to sell their excess achievement over targets thereby enhancing lending to the categories under the priority sector.

3. ‘There will be competition to give better terms and prices to farmers’

This topic has been covered in the 27th September 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis. Click here to read.

2. India, Denmark in strategic green alliance

What’s in News?

  • India and Denmark have begun a new era of partnership in the form of a “far-reaching Green Strategic Partnership”.
  • The green alliance will give Denmark a special place in delivering sustainable solutions to India.
  • The partnership aims to create a framework for significant expansion of cooperation in areas of renewable energy, environment, economy, climate change and science and technology.

Note:

  • The Ministry of External Affairs said over 140 Danish companies are currently participating in the “Make in India” initiative in India.

3. EU raises concerns over action against Amnesty

What’s in News?

Expressing concerns about the government’s investigation into Amnesty International (AI), the European Union said it hopes the global human rights agency can continue its work in India.

Details:

  • The action against AI including freezing their funds followed a Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) inquiry, and is part of the government’s scrutiny of more than 20 international NGOs including Greenpeace, Compassion International, and Ford Foundation, over the past few years.
  • The government defended its actions and said AI is in clear contravention of Indian law.

Issue:

  • In order to circumvent the FCRA regulations, Amnesty UK remitted large amounts of money to four entities registered in India, by classifying it as Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).
  • A significant amount of foreign money was also remitted to Amnesty (India) without MHA’s approval under FCRA.
  • According to the Ministry of Home Affairs, the rerouting of money was in contravention of extant legal provisions. It asserted that human rights cannot be an excuse for defying the law of the land.
  • MHA also added that India, by settled law, does not allow interference in domestic political debates by entities funded by foreign donations.

Read more about the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA)

4. Maharashtra modifies Forest Rights Act

What’s in News?

The Maharashtra Governor has issued a notification modifying the Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006.

  • The decision is likely to provide a major relief to Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest-dwelling families residing in the scheduled areas of the State.
  • The move aims to:
    • Prevent the migration of forest-dwelling families outside their native villages.
    • Provide them housing areas by extending the village site into forest land in their neighbourhood.
  • It will enable tribals and other traditional forest dwelling families to build houses in the neighbourhood forest areas.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to Mizoram:
  1. Mizoram shares an international border with Myanmar only.
  2. It has the highest proportion of tribal population among all the states in India.
  3. Tripura, Manipur, Assam and Nagaland border the state.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 1, 2 and 3
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 2 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Mizoram shares an international border with Myanmar and Bangladesh.
  • Among States, Mizoram has the highest proportion of Scheduled Tribes (94.43) and Uttar Pradesh has the lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes (0.57).
  • It has the highest proportion of tribal population among all the states in India.
  • Tripura, Manipur and Assam border the state.
Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to Cat Que virus:
  1. It infects both humans and livestock species.
  2. It is an arbovirus.
  3. Pigs are its primary mammalian hosts.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • CQV belongs to the Simbu serogroup.
  • One of the arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses), the CQV may cause febrile illnesses, meningitis, and paediatric encephalitis among humans.
  • Arbovirus is an informal name used to refer to any viruses that are transmitted by arthropod vectors.
  • It infects both humans and economically important livestock species.
  • The presence of CQV in Culex mosquitoes in China and pigs in Vietnam suggests the susceptibility of Asian countries to CQV.
Q3. Consider the following statements with respect to RBI guidelines on Priority Sector 
Lending (PSL):
  1. All scheduled commercial banks and foreign banks with a sizable presence in India must set aside 40% of their Adjusted Net Bank Credit (ANDC) for PSL.
  2. Regional rural banks, co-operative banks and small finance banks have to allocate 75% of Adjusted Net Bank Credit (ANDC) to PSL.
  3. Bank finance to start-ups up to Rs. 50 crore shall be considered as PSL.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 3 only
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

Self-explanatory.

Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to the Malabar Exercise:
  1. It is a bi-annual Trilateral Maritime Exercise conducted between the navies of India, the United States and Japan.
  2. It started off as a bilateral exercise between India and Japan in 1992.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Malabar Exercise is an annual Trilateral Maritime Exercise conducted between the navies of India, the United States and Japan.
  • Although it started off in 1992 as a bilateral exercise between India and the US, Japan joined in 2015 to make it a trilateral exercise.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) plays an important role in fostering international rule of law. Critically examine. Also analyse the impact that multiple international arbitrations could have on India’s reputation as an investment destination. (15 Marks, 250 Words) (GS 3 Economy).
  2. What do you understand by “Global commons”? Discuss how governing the global commons is the defining challenge for current and future generations. (15 Marks, 250 Words) (GS 2 International Relations).

Read the previous CNA here.

30 Sep 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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