United Nations Convention Combat Desertification Unccd

UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification is a Convention to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought through national action programs incorporating long-term strategies with the support of international cooperation and partnership arrangements.


Objective of UNCCD: 

To combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought and desertification.   



  • UNCCD stems from a direct recommendation of agenda 21 one of the five documents of Rio Conference of 1992.
  • 196 countries are members to the convention.
  • The Secretariat of UNCCD is located in Bonn in Germany.
  • It is the first and only internationally legally binding framework set up to address the problem of desertification and other land issues.
  • The convention addresses desertification and land issues, to be specific, arid areas, semi-arid areas and dry sub-humid areas, known as dry lands where some of the most vulnerable ecosystems and peoples can be found.
  • The convention aims at linking environment and development to sustainable land management. Bottom-up approach is followed, i.e, local people’s participation in combating land degradation and desertification is encouraged.
  • As the dynamics of climate, biodiversity and land are intimately connected, the UNCCD collaborates closely with two other Rio Conventions; United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to meet these complex challenges with an integrated approach and the optimum use of the available natural resources.



India and UNCCD:

  • India became a signatory to UNCCD on October 14, 1994 and ratified it on December 17, 1996.
  • Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) is the nodal Ministry for the Convention. It is also the nodal ministry for UNFCCC and CBD, which have their genesis in the Earth Summit of 1992, held in Rio De Janerio, Brazil

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