Comprehensive News Analysis – 28 January 2016

Table of Contents:

A. GS1 Related:

1.Women’s outfit meets CM, seeks access to Shani Temple sanctum

B. GS2 Related:

1. Arunachal: SC seeks proof of breakdown

C. GS3 Related:

1. Konkan mega projects decried

2. Expand direct benefit transfer cover to plug leakages: Jalan panel

D. GS4 Related:

1. The stained steel frame

E. Important Editorials: A Quick Glance

The Hindu:

1. Denmark’s absurd law on Refugees

Indian Express:

Others:

F. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn
G. Practice Questions
H. Archives

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Useful News Articles

A. GS1 Related:

1. Women’s outfit meets CM, seeks access to Shani Temple sanctum

Topic: Social Issues

Category: Gender Equality

Location: The Hindu, National Section

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B. GS2 Related:

1. SC seeks proof of breakdown in Arunachal

Topic: Governance, Constitution

Category: Centre-State Relations, Federalism

Location: Hindu, IE,  Headline news

Key points:

– Article 356: Types of Emergencies and reasons Procedure for continuing emergency beyond one year Centre- State Relations Federalism Can President’s rule be challenged?

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C. GS3 Related:

1. Konkan mega projects decried

Topic: Environment and Ecology

Category: Sustainable Development

Location: The Hindu, Page 11

Key points:

– 1. Ecologically rich Konkan coastline:

a) Proposed Projects: 1. Port 2. Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant 3.Oil Refinery

b) Environmentalists raise alarm c) Government claims that safety protocols will be followed

d) Locations: 1. Plateau: Vijaydurg Plateau- In the north Sindhudurg district- establishment of India’s biggest green refinery. Madban Plateau: Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant (JNPP) to be setup. The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd. (NPCIL) will be working with the French firm, EDF to build the reactor.

2. Ambolgad Beach: This is located in Ratnagiri. It has been earmarked for the construction of a multi-purpose port.

e) What the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) report says: Proposed to have both forward and backward integration of industries.

f) What Madhav Gadgil has said: “An integrated approach is needed for projects coming up in ecologically sensitive areas like Konkan.”

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2. After Paris, Keep the heat on

Topic: Environment and Ecology

Category: Climate Change

Location: The Hindu, Page 13

Key points:

– Paris Conference of Parties (COP) Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG) Need to prevent average temperatures from rising more than 1.5 degree Celsius above the level of pre-industrial times. Challenge for least developed and developing countries: – INDC (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions) targets: Financial Support + Technology Transfer UNFCCC

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3. Expand direct benefit transfer cover to plug leakages: Jalan panel

Topic: Subsidies

Category: Government subsidies

Location: The Hindu, Page 13

Key points:

– Former RBI Governor, Bimal Jalan has suggested a slew of measures to streamline government spending and plug the leakage of subsidies by expanding the scope of the direct benefit transfer (DBT) scheme.

– The Commission has now called for using Direct Benefit Transfers for scholarships, pensions and subsidies as well.

– A reduction in subsidies + better targeting = lower revenue spending + more fiscal space for development work

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D. GS4 Related:

1. Civil Services: The stained steel frame

Topic: Ethics

Category: Public Governance

Location: The Hindu, Page 12

Key points:

– Integrity of Public servants- When the Government is in the process of implementing the recommendations of the Seventh Pay Commission.

– Increasing deterrence: The Criminal Law Amendment Ordinance, 1944 • Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988: How effective has this been? •

– Pressure by influential people at ministerial positions on senior Government officials • Transparency and objectivity •

– Authorities: CBI; CVC Act, 2003; DPSE Act, 1946 •

– Government intervention or permission for a preliminary enquiry against a senior officer- Is it justified? •

– Conclusion: Political will + Greater Courage by senior officials + Public Vigilance + Media Support

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E. Important Editorials: A Quick Glance

The Hindu:

1. Denmark’s absurd law on Refugees

Topic: Social Justice, International Relations, Internal Security

Category: Human Rights

Key points:

– Danish Parliament recently passed a law that allows the authorities to confiscate valuables from refugees, seeking asylum in the country to cover the cost of their treatment by the state.

<Read about the problem of Refugee crisis in India, the human rights issues involved and its implications on internal security. Also, read important international conventions on safeguarding the rights of refugees>

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Indian Express:

Others:

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F. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn:

i. Paris Summit

ii. India- France Relations

iii. Article 356, Emergency Provisions

iv. Amnesty International, Human Rights

v. ARC Reports

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F. Fun with Practice Questions 🙂
Question 1: Consider the following statements about 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference:

i. The 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP 21 or CMP 11 was held in Paris, France.

ii. It was the 21st yearly session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

iii. It was the 21st session of the Meeting of the Parties to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.

iv. The conference negotiated the Paris Agreement, a global agreement on the reduction of climate change

Which of the above statements are correct about UNCCC?

a. i and ii only

b. i and iii only

c. ii and iii only

d. All of the above.

Question 2:The Goods and Services Tax Bill or GST Bill is officially known as The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty Second Amendment) Bill, 2014, proposes a national Value Added Tax to be implemented in India. Is this statement true/false?

a) True

b) False

Question 3:Which of the following statement is/are true about RSBY?

i. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) is a “State Health Insurance Programme”.

ii. It was launched in 2015 under the Ministry of Labour and Employment and then transferred to to Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

iii. The re-structured RSBY will be rolled out in the year 2017-18 under a new name.

a. i only

b. ii only

c. iii only

d. All of the above.

Question 4: Consider the following statements about Federalism in India, which is correct:

a) Part XI(11) of the Indian constitution defines the power distribution between the federal government (the Centre) and the States in India.

b) Unlike the federal governments of the United States, Switzerland or Australia, residual powers remain with the Centre

c) The power of the states and the Centre are defined by the constitution and the legislative powers are divided into three lists.

d) According to the Article 356 of the Constitution of India, states must exercise their executive power in compliance with the laws made by the Central government.

e) All of the above

Question 5: Which of the below mentioned schemes doesn’t fall under the Ministry of Health in India?

a) The Integrated Child Development Scheme

b) National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)

c) Mother and Child Tracking system (MCTS)

d) National Urban Health Mission (NUHM)

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Check Your Answers

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