UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – POSHAN Abhiyaan
Several schemes and programmes are being implemented by the Government under the Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services Scheme as directly targeted interventions to address the problem of malnutrition in the country. All these schemes address one or other aspects related to nutrition and have the potential to improve nutritional outcomes in the country. POSHAN Abhiyaan was launched on 8th March 2018 by the Prime Minister in Jhunjhunu.
POSHAN Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission) is a flagship programme of the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD), which ensures convergence with various programmes i.e., Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) Anganwadi Services, Scheme for Adolescent Girls (SAG) of MWCD, Public Distribution System (PDS), Department Food & Public Distribution, National Health Mission (NHM), Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), Swachh-Bharat Mission, and Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation.
National Council on India’s nutritional challenges under the chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog, has also been set up under the POSHAN Abhiyaan. The Council shall submit the report to the Prime Minister every 6 months.
The Abhiyaan targets to reduce stunting by 2%, under-nutrition by 2%, anaemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) by 3% and reduce low birth weight by 2% per annum respectively. The target of the mission is to bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 38.4% to 25% by 2022.
It ensures convergence with various programmes and follows a comprehensive approach towards raising nutrition level in the country on a war footing.
Key Nutrition strategies and interventions under POSHAN Abhiyaan:
- IYCF(Infant and Young child feeding)
- Food and Nutrition
- Institutional Delivery
- WASH (Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene)
- Food Fortification
- Dietary Diversification
- Adolescent Nutrition
- Maternal Health and Nutrition
- ECD(Early childhood development)/ECCE(Early Childhood Care and Education)
- ICT-RTM(Information and Communication. Technology enabled Real-Time Monitoring)
- Capacity Building
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