# Comprehensive News Analysis - 29 May 2016

##### H. Archives

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### Useful News Articles

##### A. GS1 Related

Nothing here today folks!

##### B. GS2 Related

Category: Governance

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors

Location: The Hindu, Page 10

Key points:

• Immunisation coverage and access to maternal and newborn health care has increased.
• As a result of this, the number of mothers and newborns suffering agonising deaths on account of Maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT) has declined to below one in every 1,000 live births at the district level.
• Maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT) is no longer a major public health problem in the World Health Organisation (WHO) South-East Asia region.
• Unhygienic conditions during delivery and inadequate umbilical cord care were responsible for tetanustoxins infecting mother and child, causing muscle spasms, lockjaw, and often death.
• Maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT) has been eliminated in India and Indonesia, thus the South East Asian region has reached a milestone.

Strategies Suggested:

• Providing expectant mothers the ability to access quality antenatal and safe-birthing services, thus reducing the risk of tetanus infection has worked well, but the momentum must now be accelerated.
• There should be an increased use of  innovative strategies deployed to reach those ‘unreached’, such as increased training of skilled birth attendants at community-level facilities, or providing cash transfers to every mother who has an institutional delivery.
• Immunisation coverage must be maintained and enhanced.
• Effective engagement with communities is essential.
• Messages related to tetanus immunisation and safe-birthing must remain integrated with other outreach activities.

• By closely monitoring incidences of MNT, authorities can evaluate the impact of their efforts, and, if found lacking, better calibrate them in future.
• Efforts to achieve Universal Health Coverage, will similarly enhance health equity.

Category: International Relations

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests

Location: The Hindu, Page 14

Key points:

• Pakistan seems to have failed to seal the $700 million deal for the purchase of eight F-16 fighter jets from the U.S. • Initially, the$700 million deal for eight F-16 multi-role fighters, was to be partially financed through the U.S. Foreign Military Financing (FMF) programme but the Congress disallowed subsidising the sale.
• The subsidising was disallowed over concern that Pakistan had not done enough to end the dreaded Haqqani network’s terror sanctuaries on its soil as well as fears over Islamabad’s nuclear programme.
• Analysts believe Islamabad could consider Russian or Chinese fighters to meet its requirements.

Category: International Relations

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests

Location: The Hindu, Page 14

Key points:

• Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announced an assistance of 38 billion yen for power transmission and water supply projects in Sri Lanka.
• The proposed assistance would be for the construction of transmission lines in the North Central and Eastern Provinces and water supply facilities in the North Central Province.
• The transmission project would allow the electricity generated at the proposed power plants in the Eastern Province to be used for the city of Colombo.
• Tokyo would fund a project of 1.7-billion yen to build a research and training complex at the Faculty of Agriculture in the University of Jaffna.

##### C. GS3 Related

Category: Science and Technology

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

Location: The Hindu, Page 10

Key points:

• Bengaluru-based labs and start-ups are attempting to design molecules that can be developed into broad-spectrum drugs to combat drug-resistant bacteria.
• A project commissioned by the U.K. government recently announced that drug-resistant bacteria will cause 10 million deaths per year by 2050.
• Klebsiella pneumoniae is a pathogen against which scientists are attempting to find solutions to.
• Bugworks, a Bengaluru-based start-up, is attempting to design molecules that can effectively be developed into broad-spectrum drugs, which work on bacteria like Klebsiella.

##### D. GS4 Related

Nothing here today folks!

##### E. Important Editorials: A Quick Glance

Nothing here today folks!

##### G. Fun with Practice Questions 🙂
Question 1: Which of the following vaccines can be given to a new born?
1. BCG
2. DPT
3. OPV
4. Hepatitis B

a) 1, 3 and 4

b) 2, 3 and 4

c) 1, 2 and 3

d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Question 2: Which of the following is not a life-style disease which is associated with the way a person or group of people lives?

(a) Type 2 Diabetes

(b) Cancer

(c) Malaria

(d) Heart disease

Question 3: Consider the following statements:
2. A radio pharmaceutical is a compound that has been tagged with radioisotopes for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
3. BARC and NPCIL both produce radio-isotopes for nuclear medicine.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Question 4: Consider the following statements:
1. The WHO South-East Asia Region has eliminated MNT as a major public health problem.
2. Tetanus spores are always a permanent part of the environment, meaning public health setbacks could once again compromise mothers and their newborns.
3. By providing expectant mothers the ability to access quality antenatal and safe-birthing services, health systems, diminish the risk of tetanus infection.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Question 5: Consider the following about Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR) technology:
1. The Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR) has been designed to fulfill the need for the timely development of thorium-based technologies for the entire thorium fuel cycle.
2. BHAVINI is developing the AHWR for commercial purpose.

Which of the statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both of these

(d) None of these