Comprehensive News Analysis – 30 March 2016

Table of Contents:

A. GS1 Related:

1. Netaji Papers: When Delhi bowed to singapore

2. Japan Promised to hand over Andamans

B. GS2 Related:

1. Uttarakhand HC orders floor test, allows disqualified MLAs to take part

2. Haryana Passes Jat Quota Bill

C. GS3 Related:

1. Centre gives nod for 100% FDI in e-commerce retail

2. Govt. draws flak for decision to allow U.S.- trained patent examiners

3. India, EU to discuss trade, ‘sensitive bilateral issues’ at Brussels Summit

D.GS4 Related
E.Important Editorials : A Quick Glance
The Hindu:

1. Towards military self reliance

2. India’s Case on its Solar Policy

3. Decline of pollinators threatens food supply

Others:

1. The Indian Express: Anil Ambani’s Reliance Defence forms JV with Israel’s Rafael; to take up projects worth Rs 65K crore

2. Live Mint – The clean energy deadline is close

3. The Asian Age : CIC sends notice to Intelligence Bureau over Chaturvedi report

4. PTI news- Jaitley launches ‘Make in India’ conference in Sydney

F.Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn:
G.Fun with Practice Questions 🙂
H.Archives

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Useful News Articles

A. GS1 Related

2. Japan Promised to hand over Andamans

Topic: Freedom Struggle

Category: Modern India

Location: The Hindu, Page 9

Note: Government has recently released some of the secret files related to Subhas Chandra Bose and with this lot of info related to developments in India’s freedom struggle is making news. Aspirants need not spend much time on this at this point but in light of the above they should focus and read/revise on below issues)

  1. Role played by SC Bose in Freedom struggle.
  2. Provisional government of Free India
  3. INA and Netaji in Singapore
  4. Great East Asiatic Conference- 143 and WW-II

 

B. GS2 Related

1. Uttarakhand HC orders floor test, allows disqualified MLAs to take part

Topic: Polity

Category: Indian Constitution: Significant Provisions and Basic Structure

Location: The Hindu, Page 1 and 12

(Note: The issue of President rule in Uttarakhand is gaining lot of controversy!! And now Judiciary has stepped in. On a lighter note its making the things more complicated and relevant for UPSC aspirants.Students should closely follow the ongoing developments)

Key points:

  • On 29th March 2016, former Uttarakhand Chief Minister, Harish Rawat moved the High Court in Nainital against the imposition of President’s Rule.
  • Uttarakhand High Court on 30th March 2016 granted a a chance to Mr. Rawat prove his majority in the Assembly.
  • Court ruled that fresh voting must take place on March 31 when “the vote of confidence will be put to floor test.
  • However the court said that all 70 MLAs, including the nine rebels who were earlier suspended by the Speaker, must vote, and the floor test shall decide whether Mr. Rawat would be reinstated.( But, the rebels would vote separately under the supervision of an observer appointed by the court)
  • What is the Controversy?
    • Union Government says “It is the prerogative of the President, which is a constitutional authority. The courts cannot interfere with his decision.
    • The issue may end up in debating about the basic structure of the constitution and the powers/role of Judiciary.
  • For further info students can refer to our DNA and infographic sections on Presidents rule at https://byjus.com/free-ias-prep/presidents-rule-infographic
  • https://byjus.com/free-ias-prep/day-confidence-vote-presidents-rule-imposed-uttarakhand )

2. Haryana Passes Jat Quota Bill

Topic: Reservations

Category: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors

Location: The Hindu, Page and 12.
Key points:

  • The Haryana Assembly passed the Haryana Backward Classes (Reservation in Services and Admission in Educational Institutions) Bill, 2016
  • It will provide reservation for Jats and four other communities (that includes Jat Sikhs, Rors, Bishnois and Tyagis) in government jobs and education.
  • It also requested the Central government to include this Act in 9th Schedule read with Article 31B of the Constitution of India.
  • Bill also provides for increase in percentage of reservation in Schedule I, II and III for Class I and II posts for BC ‘A’, BC ‘B’ and BC ‘C’ from 10 per cent, five per cent and five per cent to 11 per cent, six per cent and six per cent respectively.

(Note: Reservation in Haryana has already touched the 50 per cent threshold as prescribed by the Supreme Court of India, in Indra Sawhney’s case. As per that judgement, reservation should not “exceed 50 per cent of the appointments in a grade, cadre or service in any particular year. It is only for extraordinary reasons that this percentage may be exceeded)

 

C. GS3 Related

1. Centre gives nod for 100% FDI in e-commerce retail

Topic: Foreign Direct Investment

Category: Effects of liberalization on the economy

Location: The Hindu, page 1 and 12

(Note: The issue of E-commerce is making lot of news these days and now FDI in E- Commerce is allowed, its an important development and there are chances of asking question from this area in this year UPSC Main Examination. Students should mark this. It is MUST READ Article, we will soon come up with a DNA)

Key Points:

  • The government has allowed 100 per cent foreign direct investment (FDI) through the automatic route in the marketplace model of e-commerce retailing.
  • This has brought clarity on FDI policy for the sector as well as definition of marketplace format.
  • The marketplace model has been defined as providing an “information technology platform by an e-commerce entity on a digital and electronic network to act as a facilitator between buyer and seller.”
  • As per the guidelines issued by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) on FDI in e-commerce, foreign direct investment has not been permitted in inventory-based model.
  • At present, 100 per cent FDI is permitted in B2B (business-to-business) transactions under the automatic route.
  • DIPP guidelines says that the e-commerce marketplace may provide support services to sellers in warehousing, and logistics., order fulfilment, call centre, payment collection etc.,(However, such entities will not exercise ownership over the inventory)

2. Govt. draws flak for decision to allow U.S.- trained patent examiners

Topic: Governance of Patent Issues

Category: Intellectual Propert Rights

Location: The Hindu, Page 12
Key Points:

  • Recently the Indian government has allowed toget Indian patent officers trained by the United States Patent & Trademark Office.
  • This move attracted criticism from many corners- why?
    • Rights-based access campaigners fear that the USIBC( U.S. India Business Council), which receives funding from multinational pharmaceutical companies, that is conducting training sessions for Indian patent examiners, will orient them to the narrative of Big Pharma.
    • Also they say that the Indian government gave private, verbal assurance to U.S. industry lobby groups — the U.S. India Business Council (USIBC) and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce — that it would not use ‘compulsory licensing’ for commercial purposes.
    • The above would mean that the Indian patent office won’t readily give out patents to domestic pharma companies for low cost generic versions of patented drugs.
    • This might impact the reach of low cost generic versions of new drugs, which has led to millions of people living with HIV receiving treatment supplied by Indian manufacturers.

3. India, EU to discuss trade, ‘sensitive bilateral issues’ at Brussels Summit

Topic: India – EU Free Trade Agreement

Category: Effects of liberalization on the economy

Location: The Hindu, Page 14
Key Points:

  • The EU is India’s largest trading partner, with bilateral trade now amounting to $126 billion.
  • The EU is also the largest export destination for India, and a source of $69 billion in FDI.
  • Broad-based Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA), a free trade agreement between India and the European Union has been negotiated for long time now and there are still many bottlenecks to be overcome!!
  • Now our PM Shri Narendra Modi will be attending the EU-India Summit in Brussels today.
  • [ Note: This proposed Free Trade agreement between India and EU has been regularly in news and in light of the India EU Summit, this issue is important,along with INDIA-EU relations , student’s should have understanding of the developments in this regard. We will come up with DNA asap, keep visiting our DNA section)
D. GS4 Related

Nothing here for today folks!

E. Important Editorials : A Quick Glance
The Hindu:

1 .Towards military self reliance

Topic: Indigenisation of Defence Technology
Category: Science and Technology
Key points:

  • The Union government has recently the Defence Procurement Policy DPP-2016
  • It replaces the earlier DPP policy of 2013, and has several recommendations for improving indigenous procurement.
  • DPP 2016 is termed as a step in right direction that will now increase the participation of India’s private sector in military manufacturing.
  • The new policy places the highest preference to a newly incorporated procurement class called ‘Buy Indian-IDDM’.
  • IDDM denotes Indigenous Designed Developed and Manufactured.

(This category refers to procurement from an Indian vendor, products that are indigenously designed, developed and manufactured with a minimum of 40 per cent local content, or products having 60 per cent indigenous content if not designed and developed within the country)

  • The policy laid stress on micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs), and on “Make in India”.
  • A 10 per cent weightage has been introduced for superior technology, instead of selecting the lowest bidder only in financial terms.
  • However, the DPP is noticeable for the absence of Chapter on ‘Strategic Partners and Partnerships’, which the Defence Minister said would be notified separately.

(Under Strategic Partnerships, select Indian private companies were to be given preferential status in major defence projects)
Note: Students can refer to our DNA section for further reading at https://byjus.com/free-ias-prep/defence-procurement-policy-overview

2 .India’s Case on its Solar Policy

Topic: India- USA relations &WTO
Category: International relations, Important International institutions
Key points:

  • The U.S. had taken to the WTO its case against India’s policy of favouring domestic inputs in solar cells and solar modules, arguing that it amounted to a discriminatory trade practice and distorted the game.
  • WTO has recently ruled in favour of USA
  • Indian government said it will contest the ruling in the World Trade Organisation against this as.
  • India’s policy of local sourcing of components as part of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission is a key issue also inline with its Make in India Initiative and its commitment towards limiting Climate change

(Note: Solar Dispute between India and USA is making news since two years, in light of the above article and recent developments, it is important from UPSC Main Examination point of view to have full understanding about the issue, students can refer to our DNA section at https://byjus.com/free-ias-prep/focus-local-demand-win-wto-solar-dispute-says-timothy-meyer)

3 .Decline of pollinators threatens food supply

Topic: Food chain
Category: Ecology

(Note: This is a MUST READ article and has scope to be asked in this year UPSC Preliminary examination)

Key points:

    • Wild pollinators play a very important role in the production of crops such as some pulses, sunflower seeds, cardamom, coffee, cashew nuts, oranges, mangoes and apples.
    • More than 20,000 species of pollinators including birds, bats and insects service the above crops.
    • However,staple food crops such as wheat, rice, sorghum, barley and maize do not require animals for their pollination. (For most of our food crops,the most important pollinators are the thousands of species of bees)
    • A study by Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystems Services (IPBES) and its report under UN reveals that the wild pollinators are declining, and their loss will imperil our food supply.
    • What is IPEBS?
      • IPEBS was created in 2012 by 100 + governments, and it seeks to provide scientific information about biodiversity and ecosystem services to policymakers of the member countries.
      • The IPBES was established as an intergovernmental body akin to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
      • The IPBES, with its secretariat in Germany, is administered by the UN, including the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
    • IPBES also defined ecosystem services?
      • What are these “ Eco system services”?
        1. They are the many benefits which society derives from nature.
        2. For example they include fresh water; fertile soil; wild plant resources such as foods, fibres, medicinal plants and the wild relatives of crops; wild pollinators and the natural enemies of crop pests; carbon sequestration from the atmosphere; and the important spiritual, aesthetic and recreational values of nature.
    • Indian context
    • In India, the important pollinators of food crops are various species of honeybee, Apis, such as A. Dorsata, A. Cerana, A. Florae, A. Andreniformes and A. Laboriosa. The European honeybee, A. Mellifera, also pollinates many crops and fruits such as apples.

(Imp Note: Students must remember these names)

  • Many of these pollinators in India are now declining.
  • In the Himalayas, apple yields in recent years have decreased. The decreases have been attributed to reduction in the number of bees, but the exact causes of low yields are not known.
  • This is a potential crisis not only for biodiversity but also for our agricultural economy. The economic stakes are huge.
  • The value of animal-pollinated crops in India is in the tens of billions of dollars. Poor management of our pollinator species may be leading to lower crop yields and to losses of hundreds or thousands of crores annually. Compared with this, our level of investment in research on pollinators has been negligible.
  • What should be done?
    • The IPBES report makes a number of recommendations to restore the integrity of pollinators:
      1. Improvements in the science of pollination
      2. Better land management
      3. Strong regulations underlying pesticide use and
      4. Restoration and protection of habitats for wild pollinators.Above all, there is an urgent need for monitoring wild pollinators, and for strengthening the governance of natural assets
  • Government Intiative – can that help?
    • Yes, the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change has recently launched a programme to establish a network of Indian Long Term Ecological Observatories (I-LTEO) to monitor the country’s ecosystems.
    • The I-LTEO network offers tremendous opportunities to monitor wild pollinators.
  • Wild biodiversity, including pollinators, ,must become a significant component of future ‘smart cities’.
  • What is the challenge?
    • Pollinators span wild and managed habitats, agricultural and urban landscapes.
    • It is not only the science that requires attention. Policies and governance for managing landscapes — natural, agricultural, urban — are equally important
  • What is the take away/Conclusion?

This UN report and IPBES assessment should serve as wake up call to government agencies and they must rethink conventional sectoral approaches and narrow disciplinary perspectives. There are many factors involved in the complex environmental challenges threatening human security today. Only well-integrated approaches can successfully address them.

Others:

1 .The Indian Express: Anil Ambani’s Reliance Defence forms JV with Israel’s Rafael; to take up projects worth Rs 65K crore

Topic: Indigenisation of Defence Technology
Category: Science and Technology
Key points:

  • Eyeing defence programmes valued at about Rs 65,000 crore, Reliance Defence announced their tie-up with Israeli Rafael Advanced Defence Systems to develop air-to-air missiles for the Indian Air Force (IAF).
  • The JV will provide thrust into the field of indigenous production and development of High Precision and state-of-the-art Weapon Systems in India.
  • The Strategic Partnership with technology powerhouse and one of the world leaders in defence technologies, Rafael Advance Defence Systems of Israel will help boost our “Make in India Initiative”
  • Additional reference: Image -The Hindu Page 16

2 .Live Mint – The clean energy deadline is close

Topic: Renewable energy , sustainable development
Category: Climate change

Key points:

    • Mark Buchanan , a science writer says “Policymakers need to think a lot more about the repercussions of the fossil fuel power plants currently being planned, as well as associated coal mines and oil and gas fields. “
    • The author refers to a new study by researchers from Oxford University’s Institute for New Economic Thinking and says

“We have only a year or so to stop investing in new fossil-fuel power stations. After that, the expected emissions from those plants over their economic lifetime will commit us—barring other exceptional changes—to shoot past the 2 degree limit. This means we face crucial choices right now”.

  • What we do today will affect the options available to us for decades to come.
  • Once put into the atmosphere, carbon dioxide lasts for centuries, contributing to warming all the while (Some thermal plants in the world are more than 50 years old !!)
  • It’s the total stock of carbon in the atmosphere, not what we happen to be emitting now, that matters most.
  • Even if we reduce emissions quickly, the stock will decline much more slowly.

3 .The Asian Age : CIC sends notice to Intelligence Bureau over Chaturvedi report

Topic: Governance Issues
Category: Accountability and Transparency
Key points:

  • The Intelligence Bureau is one of the organisations specified in Second Schedule to the RTI Act , exempting it from purview of RTI Act except when CIC considered that the information sought is either related to corruption or violation of human rights by that organisation.
  • The CIC has now issued a notice to Intelligence Bureau, asking it to explain why its report on alleged harassment of whistleblower IFoS officer Sanjiv Chaturvedi by officials be not made public.
  • Back Ground of the issue:
    • Mr Chaturvedi, exposed alleged forestry scam in Haryana, and had sought the copy of IB report, which was sent to Cabinet Secretary and the ministry of environment and forests in August, 2014,
    • This is the report on the issue of allegedly “foisting false cases against him in retaliation of his investigation and reports against major corruption in the state.
    • He approached the CIC seeking permission for the same stating that the information sought is relating to alleged violation of human rights.

4 .PTI news- Jaitley launches ‘Make in India’ conference in Sydney

Topic: Indigenisation of technology- Make in India
Category: Issues related to mobilisation of resources
Key points:

  • Indian Finance Minister Arun Jaitley today launched ‘Make in India’ conference in Sydney and asked Australian businesses to be the part of India’s growth story.
  • India can become a very low cost service provider but failed to transform into a low cost manufacturing and now there was an opportunity to do so.
  • Mr. Jaitley said despite global economic downturn, India had shown a great resilience and for two consecutive years, we are the fastest growing economy in the world.
  • When we measure ourselves by our own standards, we believe that 7.5 per cent does not reflect our true potential, and he expressed that “Indian government does feel that manufacturing sector does need to grow”
F. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn:
  1. Great East Asiatic Conference- 1943 and WW-II
  2. Basic Doctrine
  3. President’s Rule
  4. SC-Indra Sawhneys Judgement
  5. E- Commerce
  6. DIPP
  7. Buy Indian-IDDM’
  8. DPP 2016
  9. India USA Solar dispute
  10. WTO
  11. IPBES
  12. I-LTEO
  13. CIC
G. Fun with Practice Questions 🙂
Question 1:Consider the following
  1. A. Dorsata
  2. A. Cerana
  3. A. Florae
  4. A. Laboriosa.

Which of the above is/are important pollinators of food crops?

a) 1, 2 and 3

b) 2 and 4

c) 4 only

d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Question 2:Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystems Services (IPBES) is in news , which of the below statements is/are correct with regard to IPEBS?
  1. The IPBES was established as an intergovernmental body akin to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
  2. The IPBES is administered by the UN, including the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Question 3:Consider the following
    1. WTO acts as a platform to regulate the agreements concluded at the Uruguay round.
    2. Its key goal is the promotion of free international trade
    3. It resolves disputes between economic trade blocks

Which of the above is/are correct with regard to World trade Organisation (WTO) ?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 3

c) 1, 2 and 3

d) 1 and 2

Question 4: Consider the following  
  1. National emergency can be imposed on the grounds of war or external aggression or internal disturbance or armed rebellion.
  2. If Presidents rule is imposed, a law made by the Parliament continues to be operative even after the President’s rule.

Which of the above is/are correct with regard to provisons realted to governance in the Constition of India?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Question 5:Consider the following
  1. An applicant seeking for information must give a reason for requesting information.
  2. There is no obligation to give information that could breach of privilege of the State Legislature.

Which of the above statements is/are correct with regard to RTI Act in India?

a) 1only

b) 2only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Check Your Answers

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